Photo of Xavier Cirera, Research Fellow with Globalisation Team

Xavier Cirera - Research Fellow

T: +44 (0)1273 915702


Stacey Townsend

Thematic Expertise:
Agriculture; BRICS and Rising Powers; Business; Economy and Finance; Trade and Growth.

Geographic Expertise:
Sub Saharan Africa; Brazil; Mozambique.

Xavier Cirera no longer works for IDS. As a trade economist with an interest in the impact of trade reform, trade preferences and regional integration, he has extensive experience working in Southern and Eastern Africa and Brazil.

His recent research focuses on three main areas of trade and development: the impact of different regional and preferential trade agreements, such as GSP and EPAs; firm level analysis of the determinants of export diversification and the impact of trade reform and trade exposure on firm level productivity; and, the impact of emerging powers in Africa.

Other interests include the analysis of spatial price variations and the functioning of rural markets, the impact of trade on income distribution and the impact of income distribution on future food demand.

A general review of the negotiating process and costs of EPAs and their impact on development.

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The objective of this research is to contribute to the understanding of one of the most important processes required for achieving sustained economic growth in emerging and developing countries: the process of product and export diversification.

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This review will produce a state-of-the-art paper on the link between food demand and income distribution.

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This study aimed to forecast the effects of Angola's integration into the SADC Free Trade Area and into a full SADC Customs Union on the country's indirect tax revenue.

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This project reviews the effectiveness of the EU Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) at fostering exports from developing countries to the EU.

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The purpose of this review is to inform Development Finance Institution (DFI) policy so as to improve the development outcomes resulting from their engagement in the infrastructure sectors of low income countries.

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This project contributed to a critical review of Economic Partnership Agreements.

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IDS were commissioned by the UN to carry out background research to produce the UN Secretary-General's second report on the impacts of the ongoing economic crisis on vulnerable populations in developing countries.

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Systematic review funded by 3ie to look at the existing evidence on what the effects of free trade zones on employment and wages

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The team intends to address the question 'What is the evidence of the impacts of new trade deals on fiscal revenues and job creation in low-income countries?

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Image Teaser for PB41

What is the Economic Engagement Footprint of Rising Powers in Africa?

This Policy Briefing shows that economic engagement with countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is not that different to that of OECD countries. More details

Image Teaser for Evidence Report 4, 'What is Business and Development? An Annotated Bibliography'

What is Business and Development? An Annotated Bibliography

This annotated bibliography provides an exhaustive collection of resources on the topic of Business and Development. More details

IDS publications on international development research

The Determinants of Outward Processing: Evidence from Offshoring Intermediates by the European Union

This paper analyses the determinants of outward processing (OP) trade; specifically, imports of intermediates subsequent to processing abroad. A model where firms choose between OP and importing intermediates directly from a third country (generic offshoring, GO), predicts higher tariffs, lower monitoring costs and higher quality make OP more likely, while better institutions and rule of law abroad lower contractual breakdown risk under GO making OP less likely. Analysis of EU trade data from 2002 to 2008 emphasises proximity, quality differentiation and weaker rule of law as OP determinants. Results suggest relationship-specific investments and monitoring under OP may offset contractual uncertainty. More details

This is the image for IDS Working Paper 390, 'Firm Behaviour and the Introduction of New Exports: Evidence from Brazil'.

Firm Behaviour and the Introduction of New Exports: Evidence from Brazil

This paper contributes to understanding the process of export diversification by analysing firm level determinants in Brazil during the period 2000–2009. More details

IDS In Focus Policy Briefing

Achieving Export Diversification: Lessons from Brazil

Achieving export diversification has been a central objective of development policy for the last 50 years, yet many developing countries struggle to achieve it. More details

IDS publications on international development research

What is the Evidence of the Impact of Tariff Reductions on Employment and Fiscal Revenue in Developing Countries?

The goal of DFID's Systematic Review programme is to provide policy makers and practitioners with a robust assessment of the evidence base as they develop policies and programmes. More details

Non-IDS publication

Income Distribution Trends and Future Food Demand

This paper surveys the theoretical literature on the relationship between income distribution and food demand, and identifies main gaps of current food modelling techniques that affect the accuracy of food demand projections. More details

IDS In Focus Policy Briefing

Changing the Aid for Trade Debate towards Content

The Aid for Trade (AfT) debate has mostly focused on how to implement AfT programmes (aid architecture), rather than on what to do and the specific content of these programmes. Exports from developing countries, especially from sub-Saharan Africa, continue to be concentrated in few commodities, and diversification into new exports and markets remains poor. More details

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