Accelerating progress in reducing hunger and undernutrition

Progress in reducing food insecurity, hunger and undernutrition vital to achieving the MDGs, yet has slowed and in some cases been reversed in the wake of food price spikes and the global economic downturn.

Acceleration hunger programme - Robert McNamara and Uma Lele

Led by Dolf te Lintelo, this DFID supported four-year programme develops:

  1. Evidence-based policy options that enhance linkages between agriculture and nutrition, in particular, to support agricultural value chains that work for poor people and are sensitive to their nutrition requirements.
  2. Real time monitoring methods using SMS technology for rapid and reliable assessment of hunger and nutrition statuses, enabling timely policy interventions.
  3. Innovative metrics to monitor governments’ political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. This work develops a Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index, which is further supported by Irish Aid and Oxfam India.

The programme will enable policymakers to support greater private sector investment, respond more quickly to hunger crises and facilitate civil society to more effectively monitor national and international commitments on undernutrition and hunger reduction and keep governments to account for delivering on these.

IDS is also a key member of the two recently launched DFID supported nutrition research programme consortia: Transform Nutrition and LANSA and is working with GAIN and USAID on how agri-food value chains can have a bigger nutrition impact. Lawrence Haddad is the UK representative on the UN Committee on World Food Security's High Level Panel of Experts. He was one of the Lead Experts on the UK Government's Foresight's Project on the Future of Food and Farming.

Hunger and nutrition has long been a particular focus of IDS and its Centre for Social Protection programme.

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Home Grown School Feeding Mali

This study aims to evaluate the impact of school feeding programmes sourced from small-holder farmers on small-holder food security, as well as on school children's education, health and nutrition in Mali. More details

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

Support the operationalisation of outcome focused approaches

ILT are seeking to embed an outcome orientation to the planning, monitoring and evaluation processes throughout the current phase of the Mobilising Knowledge for Development (MK4D) programme. More details

Supporting outcome orientated thinking and embedded learning/continuous improvement

ILT is working to support and embed reflective learning practices for staff involved in the MK4D programme, including "ORID" interviews and Learning Labs. More details

Research to policy praxis

Exploring the role of ICTs for policymakers in the changing information ecosystem - studies on six country contexts More details

Capitalisation of SDC Experiences in Roma Social Inclusion

Jo Howard is working with SDC to capitalise experiences in Roma social inclusion by drawing broad conclusions from past SDC experiences in promoting Roma social inclusion and making them easily accessible for decision makers. Furthermore, she will produce a synthesis paper with main findings and lessons from the Roma inclusion seminar series. More details

Addressing Synergies and Trade-Offs between Goals for Climate-Resilient Agricultural Systems

What factors lead state and market actors in Africa to commit to implementing more ‘climate smart’ and ‘climate resilient’ agricultural approaches and practices that promoting more sustainable and pro-poor outcomes? This study is examining how different governance systems are handling the complex interface between food, energy, water and climate in pursuit of the SDGs pertaining to these sectors in four countries in Africa. More details

African Farmer Game

African Farmer is a free, open source game that simulates the complex decisions and uncertainties faced by small-scale farmers living in Sub-Saharan Africa. More details

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What constrains renewable energy investment in Sub-Saharan Africa? A comparison of Kenya and Ghana

World Development 109 (forthcoming)

Policymakers in Sub-Saharan Africa face several choices to increase levels of access to electricity under severe budget constraints. First, they need to prioritise technologies that can supply electricity at a low cost. Second, they need to design and implement appropriate policies to attract private investment. On the first choice, renewable energy is becoming increasingly competitive with fossil fuels. Moreover, it contributes to energy security and environmental sustainability, while providing access to new sources of (sustainable) finance. On the second choice, developing countries typically face a multitude of constraints to attract investment to their energy sector. It can be daunting and expensive to address them all at once. More details

The Impact of Solar Mini-Grids on Kenya's Rural Enterprises

Energy for Sustainable Development 45 (forthcoming)

Off-grid, renewable based electricity systems are becoming increasingly competitive for remote rural communities. When the electricity supplied is used productively by micro and small enterprises (MSE), it has the potential to contribute to income generation and poverty reduction. MSE are prevalent in rural Kenya to complement agricultural activities. However, most of them struggle to survive and they provide insufficient income to escape poverty. This paper investigates if the provision of electricity through solar mini-grids could contribute to improving business performance in rural Kenya. More details

Non-IDS publication

Welfare Spending and Political Conflict in Latin America, 1970-2010

World Development 107 (forthcoming)

In this article we study an age-old question in political economy: does government spending on welfare ensure peace? This question was at the heart of the European Welfare State model of the early 20th century, and remains relevant today in face of rising inequalities and political conflict. More details

This is the cover to the Modern Slavery Briefing.

The Modern Slavery Trap: Bonded Labour

IDS Modern Slavery Briefing (2018)

International enterprises, sex work, organised crime groups, and exploitative recruitment agencies have dominated the discussion on modern slavery in recent years. However, while this work is important, it is just the tip of the iceberg. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Haiti: Who are the Ultra Poor? Fonkoze’s Programme for the Ultra Poor

The results testify to the ultra poverty of CLM households. They underline the importance of the graduation model in addressing poverty in Haiti and the case for its incorporation within the national social protection framework More details

Maintenance Affordances and Structural Inequalities: Mobile Phone Use by Low-Income Women in the United Kingdom

This article shows the impact of “maintenance affordances” on women’s capabilities to use mobile phones to lead lives they value. More details

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Improving the Wellbeing of Syrian Refugees in Urban Jordan

IDS Policy Briefing 152 (2018)

While 20 per cent of Syrian refugees in Jordan reside in camps, the majority live elsewhere including in urban areas. Syrian refugees are experiencing high levels of insecurity, often due to challenges with legal status documentation. More details

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Wellbeing and Protracted Urban Displacement: Refugees and Hosts in Jordan and Lebanon

The war in Syria, now in its eighth year, has led to the mass exodus of the Syrian people. Lebanon and Jordan have achieved a remarkable feat by hosting millions of refugees, with many having located to urban areas, where the great majority of local populations are already situated. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Bulletin 49.2, 'Accountability for Health Equity: Galvanising
a Movement for Universal Health Coverage'.

Accountability for Health Equity: Galvanising a Movement for Universal Health Coverage

IDS Bulletin 49.2 (2018)

This issue of the IDS Bulletin is based around three principal themes that emerged from the workshop as needing particular attention. First, the nature of accountability politics ‘in time’ and the cyclical aspects of efforts towards accountability for health equity. Second, the contested politics of ‘naming’ and measuring accountability, and the intersecting dimensions of marginalisation and exclusion that are missing from current debates. Third, the shifting nature of power in global health and new configurations of health actors, social contracts, and the role of technology. More details

DFIs and Development Impact: An Evaluation of Swedfund

Swedens Development Finance Institution Swedfund was established in 1979. Swedfund’s mandate is to invest in poor countries, through equity acquisitions in individual companies, through funds or through lending. The overarching objective is the same as the objective for Sweden’s international aid to create preconditions for better living conditions for people living in poverty and under oppression. More details

This is the front cover to the book 'Universities and Conflict: The Role of Higher Education in Peacebuilding and Resistance'.

Universities and Conflict: The Role of Higher Education in Peacebuilding and Resistance

This book uses a series of case studies to examine the roles played by universities during situations of conflict, peacebuilding and resistance. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Bulletin 49.1A, 'Inclusive Peace and Security'.

Inclusive Peace and Security

IDS Bulletin 49.1A (2018)

This IDS Bulletin Archive Collection reviews four decades of analysis and research on peace, security, and development, drawing on articles published in previous issues of the Bulletin throughout this timeframe. More details

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Urban Refugees in Lebanon: Housing, Residency, and Wellbeing

IDS Policy Briefing 151 (2018)

Lebanon hosts over a million Syrian refugees in addition to other displaced groups. These refugees have gravitated to urban centres, putting significant pressure on local infrastructure and services. More details

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Indirect Rule in Armed Conflict: Theoretical Insights from Eastern DRC

IDS Working Paper 510 (2018)

Recent literature has shown that the study of armed conflict can be highly informative to understand processes of state-building. One of the fundamental choices that states or other military actors face when occupying new territories and populations is whether to administer them by developing novel administrations (direct rule), or by devolving rule to pre-existing local authorities (indirect rule). More details

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Decentralisation, Devolution, and Dynamics of Violence in Africa

IDS Working Paper 511 (2018)

This research sets out to understand the effect of processes of decentralisation on violent conflict in Africa, and what entry points these provide for research and policy actors to engage in meaningful and effective governance, peace-building and conflict resolution. More details

Circular Economy and Power Relations in Global Value Chains: Tensions and Trade-Offs for Lower Income Countries

Resources, Conservation and Recycling 136 (2018)

The concept of the circular economy has gained significant traction among businesses, policymakers and researchers in recent years. The transformation of the current linear economic system to a circular one offers many opportunities to advance sustainable natural resource use, create closed-loop supply chains and implement sustainable recycling management. Circular economy strategies could help lower-income countries ‘leapfrog’ to a more sustainable development pathway that avoids locking in resource-intensive economic practices of the dominant linear consumption and production system. More details

Contract Farming for Improving Smallholder Incomes: What Can We Learn from Effectiveness Studies?

World Development 104 (2018)

Contract farming is a sales arrangement between a farmer and a firm, agreed before production begins, which provides the farmer with resources or services. Many governments and donors promote contract farming as part of agricultural development policies. However, there is serious concern whether smaller farmers can benefit from these arrangements. More details

Building Peace in the New Oil Frontiers of Northern Kenya

Since the discovery of oil five years ago in Northern Kenya, explorations have spread to more than 30 drilling and testing sites. This has brought foreign investment, and in turn, new work opportunities, corporate social investment in schools and health clinics, and options for personal enrichment through contracts and tenders. In an area long inhabited by pastoralists, this rapid development has created tensions, resistance, and conflict around both access to new opportunities and also the impacts on lives and livelihoods. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Christianity in North Africa and West Asia

This comprehensive reference volume covers every country in North Africa and West Asia, offering reliable demographic information and original interpretative essays by indigenous scholars and practitioners. It maps patterns of growth and decline, assesses major traditions and movements, analyses key themes and examines current trends. More details

Introduction: Sexualities [Gender & Development]

Gender & Development 26.1 (2018)

This issue of Gender & Development addresses Sexualities. More details

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