Accelerating progress in reducing hunger and undernutrition

Progress in reducing food insecurity, hunger and undernutrition vital to achieving the MDGs, yet has slowed and in some cases been reversed in the wake of food price spikes and the global economic downturn.

Acceleration hunger programme - Robert McNamara and Uma Lele

Led by Dolf te Lintelo, this DFID supported four-year programme develops:

  1. Evidence-based policy options that enhance linkages between agriculture and nutrition, in particular, to support agricultural value chains that work for poor people and are sensitive to their nutrition requirements.
  2. Real time monitoring methods using SMS technology for rapid and reliable assessment of hunger and nutrition statuses, enabling timely policy interventions.
  3. Innovative metrics to monitor governments’ political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. This work develops a Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index, which is further supported by Irish Aid and Oxfam India.

The programme will enable policymakers to support greater private sector investment, respond more quickly to hunger crises and facilitate civil society to more effectively monitor national and international commitments on undernutrition and hunger reduction and keep governments to account for delivering on these.

IDS is also a key member of the two recently launched DFID supported nutrition research programme consortia: Transform Nutrition and LANSA and is working with GAIN and USAID on how agri-food value chains can have a bigger nutrition impact. Lawrence Haddad is the UK representative on the UN Committee on World Food Security's High Level Panel of Experts. He was one of the Lead Experts on the UK Government's Foresight's Project on the Future of Food and Farming.

Hunger and nutrition has long been a particular focus of IDS and its Centre for Social Protection programme.

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CDC Longitudinal Development Impact Study

The CDC Group plc is a Development Finance Institution (DFI) wholly owned by the UK government. Its mission is to support the growth of businesses and infrastructure development throughout Africa and South Asia in order to create jobs and make a difference to people’s lives in some of the poorest areas of the world. More details

PASTRES: Pastoralism, Uncertainty and Resilience

PASTRES (Pastoralism, Uncertainty and Resilience: Global Lessons from the Margins) is a research project which aims to learn from the ways that pastoralists respond to uncertainty, applying such 'lessons from the margins' to global challenges. More details

Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development (K4D)

A five-year DFID-funded Evidence and Knowledge for Development (K4D) programme consortium led by IDS. More details

Agricultural Policy Research in Africa (APRA)

Agricultural Policy Research in Africa (APRA) is a five-year, DFID-funded, research programme consortium which aims to produce new evidence and policy insights into different pathways to agricultural commercialisation in Africa and their differential outcomes for local people and economies. More details

Challenges and Opportunities for Rural Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Mixed-Methods Study to Inform Policy and Programs

The goal of the Challenges and Opportunities for Rural Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa study is to strengthen and deepen knowledge of: the employment dynamics of rural young people, and the relationships between these dynamics and welfare; and the socially and spatially differentiated perspectives of rural young people on work, employment and livelihoods. Research is taking place in Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Niger and Burkina Faso. More details

Scaling-Up Early Child Development Interventions in Rwanda

This project aims to establish a long-term partnership between the IDS, Save the Children UK (SCUK) and Save the Children International Rwanda (SCI-R) to analyse, evaluate and scale-up (in partnership with the Government of Rwanda) a unique holistic programme (First Steps) that supports families of children aged 0-3 in the district of Ngororero in Rwanda. More details

Capacity Building for Smart Data and Inclusive Cities (SDIC)

The “Capacity Building for Smart Data and Inclusive Cities” (SDIC) project aims strengthen technical and institutional capacities by working directly with municipal authorities participating in the Smart Cities Mission in four secondary cities in India: Bhopal and Jabalpur (in Madhya Pradesh) and Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi (in Kerala). More details

Accountability for Health Equity Programme

Since the publication of the 2004 World Development Report a range of different attempts have been made to make the design, prioritisation and delivery of health services more accountable to different stakeholders. However, complex politics and power dynamics can limit or skew people's abilities to access services or hold them to account, particularly for poor and marginalized people. More details

Handbook of Financialization

Financialization has become the go-to term for scholarship that studies the vastly expanded role of finance in contemporary politics, economy and society. The goal of this handbook is to provide a comprehensive overview of the scholarship on financialization as it stands today, almost twenty years after the concept was first embraced by social scientists More details

‘Seeing’ Conflicts at the Margins: Understanding Community Experiences Through Social Research and Digital Narrative in Kenya and Madagascar

In a context of unprecedented investment in natural resource developments, this project bridges the social sciences, the humanities and community-based participatory research to ask how different ‘communities’ of actors ‘see’ and experience resource conflicts in Kenya and Madagascar. We use social science alongside a variety of participatory multimedia methods to open up conflict research to more diverse framings and voices, which can offer new insights on the drivers of resource conflict and pathways to peace. More details

Coptic Culture Conservation Collective

The Coptic Culture Conservation Collective initiative will create a narrative and visual archive of contemporary Coptic intangible cultural heritage. More details

Requirements for a Sustainable Bioeconomy in the Context of SDG Implementation

A sustainable bioeconomy can potentially do its part to replace the era of fossil resources and supply a growing world population. The transformation to such a sustainable bioeconomy is characterized by economic, ecological and social opportunities, but also by risks. These potentials and challenges of the sustainable bioeconomy are specified by this project for the German Environment Agency (UBA). More details

The Urban Land Nexus and Inclusive Urbanization in Dar es Salaam, Mwanza and Khartoum

This action-oriented research project will use the urban land nexus and its politics to provide the entry point for analysing the cities of Khartoum, Dar es Salaam and Mwanza and as integrated city systems. The overarching objective is to identify, research, and stimulate policy debate on actionable changes that are politically feasible and scalable within existing urban systems, and will foster more inclusive and welfare-enhancing urban transitions. More details

GODAN Action - Enabling practical engagement with open data in agriculture and nutrition

GODAN Action brings together agriculture and nutrition specialists and open data experts and will support GODAN in its mission by building people’s capacity to engage with open data More details

Myanmar Pig Partnership

The Myanmar Pig Partnership is focusing on the risks of zoonotic disease emergence associated with the rapid growth and intensification of livestock production in Myanmar in recent years. More details

Programme of Implementation Research to Inform the Effective and Sustainable Scaling-Up of Integrated Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Control Initiatives

COUNTDOWN brings together an innovative multidisciplanry partnership from from the UK, USA and sub-Saharan Africa to support cost-effective scale-up, sustainable control and elimination of NTDs as a public health problem. More details

Strengthening and Broadening Community-Led Total Sanitation at Scale

The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Hub works in collaboration with practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and others in the development, sanitation and related communities, and in governments, international agencies, civil society, research institutes and other organisations. More details

Advisor for the World Development Report 2017

Prof. Patricia Justino is working on the World Development Report 2017 as an advisor to the lead author of the chapter on "Security, Conflict and the Absence of Violence", as well as producing a background paper for the WDR chapter. More details

Independent Evaluation of the Reduction of Maternal and Neonatal Mortality in Kenya Programme

An evaluation of a programme in Kenya to avert maternal and neonatal deaths through nationwide life saving skills training for health professionals, and integrated health system strengthening in selected counties. More details

DFID Innovation Prizes for Environment and Development

Running innovation prizes that will improve poor people's resilience to climate change. More details

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Introduction: Sexualities [Gender & Development]

Gender & Development 26.1 (2018)

This issue of Gender & Development addresses Sexualities. More details

This is the cover of the ICTD UNU Wider Publication titled Tax Revenue Mobilization in Conflict affected Developing Countries by Vanessa van den Boogaard, Wilson Prichard, Matthew S. Benson and Nikola Milicic.

Tax Revenue Mobilization in Conflict affected Developing Countries

Journal of International Development (2018)

How does conflict affect tax revenue mobilization? This paper uses a newly updated dataset to explore longitudinal trends of tax revenue mobilization prior to, during and after conflict periods in a selection of conflict affected states since 1980. This medium N trend analysis provides greater insight into the relationship between tax revenue performance over time and the characteristics of the conflicts in question. More details

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The Relationship between Perceptions of Inequality and Political Participation: The Case of the Western Balkans

IDS Working Paper 509 (2018)

This paper discusses how disparities and in particular perceptions of inequality may have influenced political participation in Western Balkans over the last years. The arrival of the international crisis in the last quarter of 2008 has had not only economic but also significant political consequences on the region. More details

The Impact of Food Assistance on Food Insecure Populations During Conflict: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment in Mali

World Development (2018)

Mali, a vast landlocked country at the heart of West Africa in the Sahel region, is one of the least developed and most food insecure countries in the world. In this study, we exploit data from a unique pre-crisis baseline to evaluate the impact of humanitarian aid on the food security of rural populations. More details

ESRC-DFID Research for Policy and Practice: Women's Life Choices

This collection of ESRC-DFID-funded research identifies critical elements that are important to address if women’s and girls’ lives are to change for the better. The research looks at the mobility constraints experienced by girls and how a lack of access to means of transport hampers their access to paid work, health services, and schooling. More details

Keeping African Girls in School with Better Sanitary Care

For young girls in developing countries, not knowing how to manage their periods can hinder access to education. Research from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London demonstrates that in rural Uganda, providing free sanitary products and lessons about puberty to girls may increase their attendance at school. More details

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The Role of Land Property Rights in the War on Illicit Crops: Evidence from Colombia

World Development 103 (2018)

This paper examines the effect of the formalisation of land property rights in the war against illicit crops, using the case of Colombia. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Cost-Benefit Assessment of Community-Based Recycling and Waste Management in Pakistan

Following their 2016 Virtuous Circle paper on the circular economy in developing countries, Tearfund and the Institute of Development Studies have examined existing approaches to waste management in developing countries, with a view to replicating best practice. This cost-benefit assessment evaluates the pilot of a community-based approach in Pakistan and assesses the feasibility of implementing the same approach in other (poorer) areas. More details

Women-initiated measures to cope with environmental stresses and climate change in South Asia

This review gives a number of examples of women-initiated measures to cope with climate change and environmental stresses in South Asia. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Fonkoze's CLM Ultra Poverty Programme: Understanding and Improving Child Development and Wellbeing

This report represents baseline findings from a quantitative evaluation assessing the impact of Fonkoze’s Chemen Lavi Miyò (CLM) programme, or 'the pathway to a better life' programme, on child wellbeing in Haiti. The CLM programme is a so-called ‘graduation programme’, aiming to set people on a sustainable pathway out of poverty. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Systematic reviews of cost-effectiveness in low and middle income countries: a review of reviews

We investigate whether systematic reviews of cost-effectiveness analyses of interventions in low and middle income countries are feasible and useful. To this aim, we systematically review systematic reviews of cost-effectiveness studies and systematic reviews of effectiveness studies. More details

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Youth Engagement in the Realm of Local Governance: Opportunities for Peace?

IDS Working Paper 508 (2018)

An interest in young people has gained significant traction in both policy and academic circles over the past ten years, partly informed by the correlations between ‘youth bulges’ and large numbers of unemployed youth and a country’s instability. More details

IDS publications on international development research

The Relevance of Circular Economy Practices to the Sustainable Development Goals

This paper identifies the extent to which circular economy (CE) practices are relevant for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). More details

Non-IDS publication

Women and Peacebuilding: Local Perspectives on Opportunities and Barriers

Development and Change (2018)

This article discusses new qualitative evidence on the opportunities and barriers to women's participation in peace-building processes, based on a comparative analysis of case studies conducted in Afghanistan, Liberia, Nepal and Sierra Leone. More details

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What Are the Implications of Ageing and Demographic Change in Rwanda?

IDS Policy Briefing 150 (2018)

Having made rapid improvements in life expectancy and fertility as a result of significant investments in the health system and reductions in poverty, Rwanda faces the positive prospects of a ‘demographic dividend’. However, the projected growth in the number of older people over the next 30 years will present significant challenges. More details

Innovation, Structural Change, and Inclusion. A Cross Country PVAR Analysis

Structural change can be both a cause or a consequence of innovation, while structural change and innovations are usually accompanied by short-term outcomes of social inclusion or exclusion. Inclusion may in turn have an impact on further innovations. Yet, we find little evidence in the literature on the three-way relations between innovation, structural change and inclusion. This paper advances a first exercise in this direction. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Bulletin 49.1, 'Value Chains for Nutrition in South Asia:
Who Delivers, How, and to Whom?'

Value Chains for Nutrition in South Asia: Who Delivers, How, and to Whom?

IDS Bulletin 49.1 (2018)

There is currently much talk of the private sector role in nutrition, and whether the state can ‘shape’ the market to deliver better nutritional outcomes. This issue of the IDS Bulletin presents research findings in this area, developed by the consortium of research partners under the Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia (LANSA) programme. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Delivery of neglected tropical disease control interventions

Delivery of integrated neglected tropical disease (NTD) control programmes with similar strategic approaches, geographical overlap and prevalence can minimise costs and expand intervention coverage. This has been evidenced through mass drug administration (MDA) of preventive chemotherapy for lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, three soil-transmitted helminth infections and trach More details