Addressing and mitigating violence

Repeated violence and high levels of organised violent crime, often linked to political activities, characterise many development contexts. Yet their repercussions for the security and rights of the poor as well as their economic wellbeing are poorly understood. This programme will generate practical policy options for states and citizens so they can better address and mitigate violence in both rural and urban settings.

Fragile states - destroyed Kenyan slum

Led by Jeremy Lind, policy analysis under this theme focuses on ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime as well as the changing dynamics of long-standing situations of violence. Through policy analysis of actors and governance at multiple levels, the programme aims to better understand the contributions and possibilities for convergence between state and non-state stakeholder efforts in different policy spaces.

Specifically, the programme makes practical contributions in the following inter-related fields: strengthening core state functions and citizen agencies to mitigate and prevent violence, widening access to economic opportunities, services and livelihoods in violent contexts, and crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

The programme provides practical guidance on how to promote economic opportunities and interventions that support more effective governance and improved access to livelihoods. It will also assist in crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

For knowledge resources on topics such as identity politics and conflict, religion and extremism, and transnational actors and flows, visit where you can access for free all ouputs from the programme.  

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

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Where is the Money? Donor Funding for Conflict and Violence Prevention in Eastern Africa

IDS Evidence Report 217 (2017)

In 2014, Kenya and Uganda were two of the top three recipients of official development assistance in Africa. The funding focused on education, health care, infrastructure, entrepreneurship development, HIV/AIDS treatment, conflict prevention and relief from natural crises such as droughts, famines or earthquakes. More details


Violence and Violence Reduction Efforts in Kenya, Uganda, Ghana and Ivory Coast: Insights and Lessons towards Achieving SDG 16

IDS Evidence Report 210 (2016)

This report develops evidence-based insights into contextual dimensions of violence and practices on reducing violence, from multiple perspectives and at multiple levels of governance. More details


The Violent Politics of Informal Work, and How Young People Navigate Them: A Conceptual Framework

IDS Evidence Report 198 (2016)

This report explores the linkages between young people’s economic engagement and their social and political engagement in contexts of violence in Africa. More details


Reducing Violence in a Time of Global Uncertainty: Insights from the Institute of Development Studies Addressing and Mitigating Violence Programme

IDS Evidence Report 197 (2016)

This Evidence Report details key insights from the Institute of Development Studies Addressing and Mitigating Violence programme, which involved detailed political analysis of dynamics of violence as well as efforts to reduce and prevent violent conflict across a number of countries and areas in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. More details


Reducing Violence in a Time of Global Uncertainty

IDS Policy Briefing 122 (2016)

The new Sustainable Development Goal to reduce armed violence is a welcome commitment but the prescriptive nature of its approach is problematic – there is ‘no one size fits all’. Rather, focus needs to be on how violence operates in particular settings. More details


Beyond Borders: The End of the Mano River War(s)?

IDS Evidence Report 188 (2016)

The Mano River sub-region, which includes Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire, has experienced decades of violent upheavals and political instability. This notably includes civil wars in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d’Ivoire. More details


Addressing and Mitigating Violence: Uptake Strategy, Year Four Update

IDS Evidence Report 186 (2016)

The overarching purpose of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence (AMV) theme is to generate useful analysis to tackle policy dilemmas relating to ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime. More details


Black Sands, Green Plans and Conflict: Structural Adjustment, Sectoral Reforms and the Mining–Conservation–Conflict Nexus in Southern Madagascar

IDS Evidence Report 183 (2016)

This report is a policy analysis of international investments in Madagascar’s natural resources at the thematic intersection of extractive development, land reform, environmental preservation and conflict. More details

This is the image to IDS Rapid Response Briefing 11, 'Tackling Gun Violence in India'.

Tackling Gun Violence in India

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 11 (2015)

Gun-related violence has far-reaching adverse impacts on all levels of society. In addition to murder and injury, gun violence can exacerbate cycles of highly localised urban poverty, inequality and vulnerability. More details

Strengthening Evidence-Based Policy: Outputs from the Addressing and Mitigating Violence programme, May 2013 – October 2015

This brochure presents outputs from the Addressing and Mitigating Violence strand of work within an IDS programme entitled Strengthening Evidence-based Policy funded through an Accountable Grant from the UK Department for International Development. More details


Whose Security? Building Inclusive and Secure Societies in an Unequal and Insecure World

IDS Evidence Report 151 (2015)

Development researchers, governance specialists, security and international relations analysts are cartographers of the modern world. Their job is to untangle the tangled, yet in doing so they all too often make flat all that is high and rolling. More details


Green Development, Natural Resource Financialization and Emerging Conflict in Southern Africa with Examples from Implementation Contexts in Madagascar, Tanzania and South Africa

IDS Evidence Report 148 (2015)

In recent years, widespread uncertainty around global economic and environmental futures has contributed to growing advocacy for a global ‘greening’ of the economy involving the coordinated establishment of pro-environment economic policies and programmes around the world. More details


Towards Conflict-sensitive Regional Integration in East Africa

IDS Policy Briefing 100 (2015)

Regional integration and development in East Africa have been portrayed as inextricably linked. Integration involving investment in trade and transport corridors to move goods, services and people between coast and resource-rich hinterlands is seen as part of development and economic growth, even peace-building. More details


Strengthening Evidence-Based Policy: Outputs April 2014 – March 2015

Accountable Grant Outputs Brochure (2015)

In much writing about development, policy and practice are portrayed as if they are joined at the hip. Policy shapes practice, while learning from practice informs policy processes. In this portrayal, practice is usually understood to refer to development practice, or how development programmes and projects are implemented. More details

IDS Evidence Report 142 Frontcover

High-Level Roundtable on Improving Lives and Reducing Violence through the Provision of Services

IDS Evidence Report 142 (2015)

This high-level roundtable explored the complex links between poverty, violence, insecurity and the provision of services, drawing on four case studies from within Nairobi, Kathmandu, Mumbai and India as a whole. More details


Understanding Relationships between the Green Economy, Resource Financialization and Conflict

IDS Policy Briefing 95 (2015)

A key aspect of the United Nations’ sustainable development approach centres on creating markets for financialized ‘natural capital’ products, particularly in resource-rich, lower-income countries. The appeal of this comes from a set of policy promises termed the ‘triple-win’: achieving environmental sustainability, socially inclusive economic growth and poverty alleviation. More details


Can Targeted Transition Services for Young Offenders Foster Pro-Social Attitudes and Behaviours in Urban Settings? Evidence from the Evaluation of the Kherwadi Social Welfare Association’s Yuva Parivartan Programme

IDS Evidence Report 136 (2015)

In Maharashtra, state-sponsored programmes that support school dropouts and young offenders in finding employment and integrating into society are severely limited by a lack of resources and capacity. More details


Tangled Ties: Al-Shabaab and Political Volatility in Kenya

IDS Evidence Report 130 (2015)

In recent years, a spate of attacks has destabilised a swathe of Kenya’s peripheral counties as well as bringing terror to its capital, Nairobi. As violent insecurity spreads, it has fomented fear and stoked ethnic and regional divisions, precipitating security crackdowns and roiling the country’s infamously tumultuous politics. More details


Does War Empower Women? Evidence from Timor Leste

IDS Evidence Report 121 (2015)

Conflicts may change the material conditions and the incentives individuals face through death, displacement and other consequences of violence. Being a victim of a war can also profoundly change individual beliefs, values and preferences (Bellows and Miguel 2009). More details


Do Government Transfers Reduce Conflict?

IDS Policy Briefing 90 (2015)

How can we mitigate civil unrest before it results in the breakdown of social order? Not all forms of civil unrest escalate into violence, but why do some deteriorate and others do not? More details

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