Addressing and mitigating violence

Repeated violence and high levels of organised violent crime, often linked to political activities, characterise many development contexts. Yet their repercussions for the security and rights of the poor as well as their economic well-being are poorly understood. This programme will generate practical policy options for states and citizens so they can better address and mitigate violence in both rural and urban settings.

Led by Jeremy Lind, policy analysis under this theme will focus on ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime as well as the changing dynamics of long-standing situations of violence. Through policy analysis of actors and governance at multiple levels, the programme aims to better understand the contributions and possibilities for convergence between state and non-state stakeholder efforts in different policy spaces.

Specifically, the programme will make practical contributions in the following inter-related fields: strengthening core state functions and citizen agencies to mitigate and prevent violence, widening access to economic opportunities, services and livelihoods in violent contexts, and crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

The programme will provide practical guidance on how to promote economic opportunities and interventions that support more effective governance and improved access to livelihoods. It will also assist in crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

Strengthening core state functions to mitigate and prevent different manifestations of violence

In the context of exploring the dynamics and logics of violence and responses to it by the state and the international community, Nigeria and Sierra Leone make interesting case studies. These case studies are part of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence programme, which focuses on 'newer' forms of violence and organised crime as well as the changing dynamics of long-standing situations of violence More details

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PB71 Front Cover

Tackling Urban Violence in Mumbai and Cape Town through Citizen Engagement and Community Action

Urban violence is an urgent and growing problem in many cities across the world. It comes in a multitude of forms such as gender-based violence, gangs and drug-related violence, police violence, religious riots, vigilante groups, and others. More details

ER81 Front Cover

Understanding ‘Urban Youth’ and the Challenges they face in Sub-Saharan Africa: Unemployment, Food Insecurity and Violent Crime

Much of Africa is urbanising fast and its young population is projected to constitute the largest labour force in the world. While urbanisation can be linked closely with economic development, we also know that it is the least developed countries that have younger populations than the rest of the world. More details

ER77 Front Cover

Cross-border Violence as an External Stress: Policy Responses to Cross-border Dynamics on the Border between Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia

One of the key issues identified in the new policy literature on external stress is the incidence of cross-border violence and the current lack of efficient and permanent mechanisms supported by international organisations, governments and civil society to deal with the violence. More details

ER72 Front Cover

Getting Real About an Illicit ‘External Stressor’: Transnational Cocaine Trafficking through West Africa

Concerns over West Africa’s increasingly prominent role as transhipment point of South American cocaine en route to Europe are mounting. More details

ER71 Front Cover

Roots and Routes of Political Violence in Kenya’s Civil and Political Society: A Case Study of Marsabit County

Struggles to influence the balance of power and the distribution of economic resources in Kenya have a long history of violence: national and local, actual and threatened, physical and psychological. More details

PB61 Front Cover

On a Wing and a Prayer? Challenges for Reducing Armed Violence

Most deaths due to violence now occur outside traditional conflict settings. In these contexts, violence is complex and often hard to understand, linked to a variety of conditions, situations and trends which are deeply embedded and difficult to shift without considerable investment, contextual knowledge and risk. More details

PB62 Front Cover

The Underside of Political Settlements: Violence in Egypt and Kenya

Understanding political settlements is important for addressing and mitigating violence. This policy briefing is based on case studies from Egypt and Kenya which confirm that political settlements that only focus on formal actors and spaces at the national level are crucially flawed. More details

ER69 Front Cover

Key Challenges of Security Provision in Rapidly Urbanising Contexts: Evidence from Kathmandu Valley and Terai Regions of Nepal

We know that urban violence not only affects people’s health and wellbeing, it has a devastating impact on the social fabric and economic prospects of entire cities. It can also set recursive cycles of vulnerability in motion – violence-affected individuals find it increasingly harder to be gainfully employed, while poverty is sustained through inter generational transfers. More details

ER68 Front Cover

Addressing and Mitigating Violence: Uptake Strategy, Year Two Update

The overarching purpose of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence (AMV) theme is to generate useful analysis to tackle policy dilemmas relating to ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime. More details

PB60 Front Cover

External Stresses in West Africa: Cross-border Violence and Cocaine Trafficking

The 2011 World Development Report on conflict, security and development highlights the centrality of ‘external stresses’ for generating insecurity and increasing the risk of violence in fragile areas. West African states are particularly vulnerable, with serious concerns around cross-border violence and illicit drug-trafficking. More details

ER73 Front Cover

Agency and Citizenship in a Context of Gender-based Violence

This pilot evaluation explores how citizenship and agency among social activists can be fostered in contexts of urban violence at the local level. More details

PB57 Front Cover

Policing Urban Violence: Lessons from South Asia

As densely populated urban centres emerge as economic powerhouses where global GDP is concentrated, they are also increasingly vulnerable to shocks of violence and insecurity. More details

ER 57 Front Cover

Settling After the Revolts? Egypt’s Political Settlements and Violent Transition

The uprisings in the Arab region generated much hope among significant proportions of the population that a rupture with the status quo would herald a new era marked by bread, freedom and social justice/human dignity, the catchphrase of many of the revolts. More details

This is the image for IDS Policy Briefing 48, 'Undercurrents of Violence:
Why Sierra Leone’s Political Settlement is not Working'.

Undercurrents of Violence: Why Sierra Leone’s Political Settlement is not Working

Debates over violence, security, humanitarian and development imperatives have long been polarised. More details

Making the Urban Poor Safe: Lessons from Nairobi and Maharashtra

Making the Urban Poor Safer: Lessons from Nairobi and Maharashtra

The most impoverished neighbourhoods of Nairobi and Mumbai are characterised by severe lack of service provision, poor access to employment opportunities and urban violence. More details

Image teaser for ER38

Is it the Right Time for the International Community to Exit Sierra Leone?

A detailed analysis of Sierra Leone's socioeconomic trends and political institutions show a disturbing picture of anger, frustration and violence. More details

Image teaser for ER39

Missing the Point: Violence Reduction and Policy Misadventures in Nairobi's Poor Neighbourhoods

Violence and crime are part of everyday life in many of Nairobi’s poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

Image teaser for ER36

‘External Stresses’ and Violence Mitigation in Fragile Contexts: Setting the Stage for Policy Analysis

Following on from the World Bank’s World Development Report 2011 on conflict, security and development, a debate has emerged about the role of so-called ‘external stresses’ in generating ‘new’ forms of violence and insecurity in poor and fragile countries. More details

Image Teaser for ER17

Unemployment, Service Provision and Violence Reduction Policies in Urban Maharashtra

This report analyses the relationship between violence and economic vulnerability among urban populations in the Indian state of Maharashtra. More details

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