Addressing and mitigating violence

Repeated violence and high levels of organised violent crime, often linked to political activities, characterise many development contexts. Yet their repercussions for the security and rights of the poor as well as their economic wellbeing are poorly understood. This programme will generate practical policy options for states and citizens so they can better address and mitigate violence in both rural and urban settings.

Fragile states - destroyed Kenyan slum

Led by Jeremy Lind, policy analysis under this theme focuses on ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime as well as the changing dynamics of long-standing situations of violence. Through policy analysis of actors and governance at multiple levels, the programme aims to better understand the contributions and possibilities for convergence between state and non-state stakeholder efforts in different policy spaces.

Specifically, the programme makes practical contributions in the following inter-related fields: strengthening core state functions and citizen agencies to mitigate and prevent violence, widening access to economic opportunities, services and livelihoods in violent contexts, and crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

The programme provides practical guidance on how to promote economic opportunities and interventions that support more effective governance and improved access to livelihoods. It will also assist in crafting workable strategies and interventions to reduce cross border spillovers in violent and fragile contexts.

For knowledge resources on topics such as identity politics and conflict, religion and extremism, and transnational actors and flows, visit www.ids.ac.uk/violence where you can access for free all ouputs from the programme.  

Strengthening core state functions to mitigate and prevent different manifestations of violence

In the context of exploring the dynamics and logics of violence and responses to it by the state and the international community, Nigeria and Sierra Leone make interesting case studies. These case studies are part of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence programme, which focuses on 'newer' forms of violence and organised crime as well as the changing dynamics of long-standing situations of violence More details

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

View all Research Theme's publications

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PB88_FrontCover

Sustainable Development Goals Must Consider Security, Justice and Inequality to Achieve Social Justice

IDS Policy Briefing 88 (2015)

Security and social justice have a crucial role to play in the newly proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). More details

ER117_FrontCover

Addressing and Mitigating Violence: Uptake Strategy, Year Three Update

IDS Evidence Report 117 (2015)

The overarching purpose of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence (AMV) theme is to generate useful analysis to tackle policy dilemmas relating to ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime. More details

ER108_FrontCover

Civil Unrest and Government Transfers in India

IDS Evidence Report 108 (2015)

This paper investigates empirically the role of government expenditure on social services in mitigating and preventing civil unrest (riots) in India. The empirical analysis makes use of a unique longitudinal dataset compiled across the 16 largest Indian states for the period 1960–2011. More details

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High-Level Roundtable on Political Settlements: Goodenough College, London, 15 October 2014

IDS Evidence Report 105 (2015)

This roundtable was held at Goodenough College, London, on 15 October 2014. Its purpose was to engage high-level policymakers and academics on the relevance of the political settlement lens for the comparative study of political settlements within countries across different time periods and levels. More details

PB81 Front Cover

Mitigating 'Non-Conflict' Violence by Creating Peaceful Political Settlements

IDS Policy Briefing 81 (2014)

Understanding and addressing ‘non-conflict’ violence is a key challenge for development. Different types of ‘non-conflict’ violence, such as homicide, massacres, armed robbery and gender-based violence, which occur outside of armed conflict contexts involving state or other parties, are not only reflections of social problems like youth unemployment and gang culture. More details

ER101 Front Cover

Toward Effective Violence Mitigation: Transforming Political Settlements

IDS Evidence Report 101 (2014)

Recognising the centrality of violence in the development process, in 2012–14 a group of researchers at IDS engaged in depth with the complex and thorny questions of how ‘new’ forms of violence in the developing world should be understood. More details

Strengthening_Evidence_Based_Policy_2014

Strengthening Evidence-Based Policy: Outputs November 2012 – March 2014

Accountable Grant Outputs Brochure (2014)

Knowledge and evidence are important elements of all policy processes. While the availability of more or higher quality evidence does not guarantee better policy processes, it is difficult to imagine how development policy and outcomes can be improved without it. More details

PB71 Front Cover

Tackling Urban Violence in Mumbai and Cape Town through Citizen Engagement and Community Action

IDS Policy Briefing 71 (2014)

Urban violence is an urgent and growing problem in many cities across the world. It comes in a multitude of forms such as gender-based violence, gangs and drug-related violence, police violence, religious riots, vigilante groups, and others. More details

ER81 Front Cover

Understanding ‘Urban Youth’ and the Challenges they face in Sub-Saharan Africa: Unemployment, Food Insecurity and Violent Crime

IDS Evidence Report 81 (2014)

Much of Africa is urbanising fast and its young population is projected to constitute the largest labour force in the world. While urbanisation can be linked closely with economic development, we also know that it is the least developed countries that have younger populations than the rest of the world. More details

ER81 Front Cover

Understanding ‘Urban Youth’ and the Challenges they face in Sub-Saharan Africa: Unemployment, Food Insecurity and Violent Crime

IDS Evidence Report 81 (2014)

Much of Africa is urbanising fast and its young population is projected to constitute the largest labour force in the world. While urbanisation can be linked closely with economic development, we also know that it is the least developed countries that have younger populations than the rest of the world. More details

ER77 Front Cover

Cross-border Violence as an External Stress: Policy Responses to Cross-border Dynamics on the Border between Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia

IDS Evidence Report 77 (2014)

One of the key issues identified in the new policy literature on external stress is the incidence of cross-border violence and the current lack of efficient and permanent mechanisms supported by international organisations, governments and civil society to deal with the violence. More details

ER72 Front Cover

Getting Real About an Illicit ‘External Stressor’: Transnational Cocaine Trafficking through West Africa

IDS Evidence Report 72 (2014)

Concerns over West Africa’s increasingly prominent role as transhipment point of South American cocaine en route to Europe are mounting. More details

ER71 Front Cover

Roots and Routes of Political Violence in Kenya’s Civil and Political Society: A Case Study of Marsabit County

IDS Evidence Report 71 (2014)

Struggles to influence the balance of power and the distribution of economic resources in Kenya have a long history of violence: national and local, actual and threatened, physical and psychological. More details

PB61 Front Cover

On a Wing and a Prayer? Challenges for Reducing Armed Violence

IDS Policy Briefing 61 (2014)

Most deaths due to violence now occur outside traditional conflict settings. In these contexts, violence is complex and often hard to understand, linked to a variety of conditions, situations and trends which are deeply embedded and difficult to shift without considerable investment, contextual knowledge and risk. More details

PB62 Front Cover

The Underside of Political Settlements: Violence in Egypt and Kenya

IDS Policy Briefing 62 (2014)

Understanding political settlements is important for addressing and mitigating violence. This policy briefing is based on case studies from Egypt and Kenya which confirm that political settlements that only focus on formal actors and spaces at the national level are crucially flawed. More details

ER69 Front Cover

Key Challenges of Security Provision in Rapidly Urbanising Contexts: Evidence from Kathmandu Valley and Terai Regions of Nepal

IDS Evidence Report 69 (2014)

We know that urban violence not only affects people’s health and wellbeing, it has a devastating impact on the social fabric and economic prospects of entire cities. It can also set recursive cycles of vulnerability in motion – violence-affected individuals find it increasingly harder to be gainfully employed, while poverty is sustained through inter generational transfers. More details

ER68 Front Cover

Addressing and Mitigating Violence: Uptake Strategy, Year Two Update

IDS Evidence Report 68 (2014)

The overarching purpose of the Addressing and Mitigating Violence (AMV) theme is to generate useful analysis to tackle policy dilemmas relating to ‘newer’ forms of violence and organised crime. More details

PB60 Front Cover

External Stresses in West Africa: Cross-border Violence and Cocaine Trafficking

IDS Policy Briefing 60 (2014)

The 2011 World Development Report on conflict, security and development highlights the centrality of ‘external stresses’ for generating insecurity and increasing the risk of violence in fragile areas. West African states are particularly vulnerable, with serious concerns around cross-border violence and illicit drug-trafficking. More details

ER73 Front Cover

Agency and Citizenship in a Context of Gender-based Violence

IDS Evidence Report 73 (2014)

This pilot evaluation explores how citizenship and agency among social activists can be fostered in contexts of urban violence at the local level. More details

PB57 Front Cover

Policing Urban Violence: Lessons from South Asia

IDS Policy Briefing 57 (2014)

As densely populated urban centres emerge as economic powerhouses where global GDP is concentrated, they are also increasingly vulnerable to shocks of violence and insecurity. More details

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