GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE

Climate Change

Climate change is already affecting the world's poorest and most vulnerable people, who often lack the robust systems and capacity needed to cope. While 'mitigation' through tackling greenhouse gas emissions is crucial to limiting impacts, some change is inevitable and climate change 'adaptation' is now a central issue in development.

A protester holds a sign which reads 'Leave fuel price N(aira) 65 per litre' in a crowd of demonstrators protesting against the removal of a fuel subsidy by the Nigerian government. Credit: George Osodi / Panos

Efforts to integrate climate change adaptation into the development process must ensure that the most vulnerable groups are central to the rapidly expanding climate change research and policy agenda. At the same time, future international climate change regimes must be built on principles of equity, deliver dramatic carbon reductions, establish low-carbon development pathways and provide funding mechanisms that reach the most vulnerable people.

Colleagues across IDS are carrying out research and policy analysis on climate change:

IDS work on climate change focuses on three main themes:

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Photo of Adrian Bannister from IDS Knowledge Services

Adrian Bannister - Web Innovations Convenor

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Photo of Alan Stanley from IDS Knowledge Services

Alan Stanley - Senior Thematic Convenor

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Photo of Alex Shankland, IDS Research Fellow

Alex Shankland - Research Fellow

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Photo of Ana Pueyo

Ana Pueyo - Research Fellow

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Photo of Ana Solorzano

Ana Solorzano - Dphil Student

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Photo of Dirk Willenbockel

Dirk Willenbockel - Research Fellow

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Fatema Rajabali, Thematic Convenor, Eldis, Knowledge Services

Fatema Rajabali - Thematic Convenor

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Photo of Fran Seballos, Climate Change Team

Fran Seballos - Partnerships Officer

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Photo of Ian Scoones, Research Fellow in the Knowledge Technology and Society research team

Ian Scoones - Research Fellow

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Photo of Allister McGregor, IDS Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction research fellow

J. Allister McGregor - Research Fellow

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Photo of Jeremy Allouche, IDS research fellow

Jeremy Allouche - Research Fellow

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Jeremey Lind is a Research Fellow with Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Team

Jeremy Lind - Research Fellow

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Photo of Jim Sumberg, Research Fellow with the Knowledge Technology and Society Team

Jim Sumberg - Research Fellow

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Photo of Jodie Thorpe, Globalisation research fellow

Jodie Thorpe - Research Fellow

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Photo of John Thompson, a Research Fellow with the Knowledge Technology and Society Team

John Thompson - Research Fellow

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Photo of Lars Otto Naess

Lars Otto Naess - Research Fellow

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Photo of Lyla Mehta

Lyla Mehta - Research Fellow

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Photo of Melissa Leach

Melissa Leach - Director

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Photo of Michael Loevinsohn, IDS Research Fellow

Michael Loevinsohn - Research Fellow

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picture of Rachel Sabates Wheeler

Rachel Sabates-Wheeler - Research Fellow

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AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison

The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) hosted by the Columbia University Earth Institute is a major international effort to assess the state of global agricultural modelling and to understand climate impacts on the agricultural sector. More details

Assisting Climate Leaders in Vulnerable Developing Countries

This initiative involves four non-governmental organisations with a shared interest in supporting the efforts of vulnerable developing countries to secure a fair, ambitious and effective agreement at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen. More details

China as the new 'shaper' of global development

The pace and significance of China's rise has implications for both traditional and emerging powers, as well as for developing countries. This plays a role for energy and climate change and for many other development issues. Rising Powers Network is a new network that will place China as the new 'shaper' of global development under the ESRC's Rising Power's Programme. More details

China Low Carbon Platform

A new knowledge-sharing web platform supporting an international network for low carbon energy and low carbon development in China. More details

Climate Airwaves

Climate Airwaves aims to support community radio broadcasters to transmit climate research to local communities in an easy-to-understand format. It also promotes sharing between different communities, local policymakers and researchers dealing with a changing climate. More details

Climate Change and Economic Growth: An Intertemporal General Equilibrium Analysis for Egypt

Due to the high concentration of economic activity along the low-lying coastal zone of the Nile delta and its dependence on Nile river streamflow, Egypt's economy is highly exposed to adverse climate change. More details

Climate Planning

This project will consider a range of donor, private sector, NGO and country-led methodologies for climate compatible development strategy building and planning. More details

Cutting Edge Programme on Gender and Climate Change

The BRIDGE Edge Programme on Gender and Climate Change aims to contribute towards thinking, dialogue, anlayses, policy and practice on gender and climate change through a series of events and publications More details

Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Ethiopia

Pilot project to develop a dynamic multisectoral modelling framework for climate change impact and adaptation policy assessment. More details

Economic Modeling of Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies for Ethiopia, Mozambique and Ghana

This project involves a case-study approach to develop an economywide modeling framework for comparative analysis of climate change adaptation strategies linked to impact models. More details

ESCO Box: Smart monitoring, billing and control for pro-poor access to energy services

IDS will lead on the work package addressing Evaluation of poverty impacts of smart monitoring, billing and control systems. This will analyse the effectiveness of ESCoBox in increasing access to electricity for poor people, looking at ESCoBox’s ability to: (1) increase adoption rates of renewable electricity; (2) increase the establishment of electricity supply businesses (ESCos); (3) increase entrepreneurial activities in poor communities; (4) change electricity consumption patterns in households and small businesses; (5) enable households and small businesses to better understand their power usage and plan accordingly. WP4 combines qualitative and quantitative techniques. More details

Evidence on Demand

Evidence on Demand is an international development information hub, providing access to quality assured resources relating to climate & environment, infrastructure and livelihoods. More details

Fossil Fuel Prices and Taxes, and Their Effects on Economic Development and Income Distribution in Viet Nam

The project aimed to explore the short and long run impacts of imposing additional fossil fuel taxes and removing respective existing subsidies on the Vietnamese economy. More details

Future Agricultures Consortium

The DFID funded Future Agricultures Consortium is an Africa-based alliance of research organisations seeking to provide timely, high-quality and independent information and advice to improve agricultural policy and practice in Africa. Through a network of over 90 researchers across the region and around the world, we are showing how agricultural policy in Africa can help to reduce poverty and strengthen agricultural growth. More details

Global Food and Farming Futures – Lead Expert Group

The Foresight Project on Global Food and Farming Futures addresses the question: ‘How can a future global population of 9 billion people all be fed healthily and sustainably?' More details

Green Growth Diagnostics for Africa

This project seeks to develop a new Green Growth Diagnostics methodology and apply it to two African countries: Kenya and Ghana. These countries are the research hubs of East and West Africa and we believe that they offer a good opportunity to test our methodology in advance to their wider application to other African countries and beyond the African continent. More details

HUMPOL Courting Catastrophe?

Courting Catastrophe Why is there always such a frantic rush in humanitarian response to a disaster, and a slow crawl in making people safe before the hazard strikes? This imbalance has been the norm for many decades. There are signs that more work on reducing vulnerability (often now rebranded as its opposite: resilience) is being done to mitigate disasters, but not enough. And with climate change making hazards worse - more frequent or stronger (or both) there needs to be a very rapid swing in the direction of preparedness and prevention of disasters. Courting Catastrophe is looking at how the humanitarian sector needs to change to meet this challenge, with research in countries in Asia and Africa to develop new ways of acting. More details

Joto Afrika - a bilingual briefing series on climate change adaptation in Africa

A briefing series on climate adaptation which draws lessons, experiences and practical information from across sub-Saharan Africa. More details

Knowledge Navigator - your key to online Climate Change platforms

The Knowledge Navigator project has developed a web-based interactive tool, called a widget, to guide users through to appropriate climate change websites. It is a joint project between IDS Knowledge Services and the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) More details

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IDS publications on international development research

A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis of Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

This study links a multisectoral, regionalised, dynamic, computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of Ethiopia with a system country-specific hydrology, crop, road, and hydropower engineering models to simulate the economic impacts of climate change scenarios from global circulation models (GCMs) to 2050. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Climate and Environmental Change: Views from Life in a Time of Food Price Volatility

How are rapid recent food price changes linked to climate and environmental change? How do people who are vulnerable to these changes view these links? More details

This is the cover for IDS Working Paper 448, 'Carbon Forestry and Climate Compatible Development in Mozambique: A Political Economy Analysis'.

Carbon Forestry and Climate Compatible Development in Mozambique: A Political Economy Analysis

This paper looks at the political economy of carbon forestry and REDD+ in Mozambique in view of goals for climate compatible development, i.e. simultaneously addressing emission reduction, adaptation and development. Mozambique is one of the world’s poorest countries and one of the most at risk from the effects of climate change. More details

This is the cover for IDS Working Paper 446, 'Political Economy of Climate Compatible Development: Artisanal Fisheries and Climate Change in Ghana'.

Political Economy of Climate Compatible Development: Artisanal Fisheries and Climate Change in Ghana

Interest in prospects for policy processes that contribute to development, climate change adaptation and mitigation, known as ‘climate compatible development’, has been growing in response to increasing awareness of the impacts of climate change. More details

This is the image for IDS Working Paper 445, 'The Political Economy of Low Carbon Energy in Kenya'.

The Political Economy of Low Carbon Energy in Kenya

There is growing international focus on how to support more integrated approaches to addressing climate change in ways that capture synergies and minimise the trade-offs between climate change mitigation, adaptation and development. More details

PB67 Front Cover

Creating Alliances for Renewable Energy Investment: Lessons from China and India

‘Alliances’ of public and private actors can play a crucial role in accelerating the transition to sustainable energy systems, and these groupings can be ‘engineered’. More details

CDIPP7 Front Cover

Improving Co-benefits and 'Triple Win' Impacts from Climate Action: The Role of Guidance Tools

This addresses the role of tools in supporting interventions to achieve the ‘triple wins’ of adaptation, mitigation and development. More details

ER63 Front Cover

Exploring the Potential and Limits of the Resilience Agenda in Rapidly Urbanising Contexts

More than half the world’s population now live in urban areas. In developing countries, these areas will become home to almost all of the projected 50 per cent population growth that will occur between now and 2030, swelling urban populations by a further 1.3 billion by 2030 and 2.5 billion by 2050 (GMR 2013). More details

ER 56 Front Cover

Who Shapes Climate Action in India? Insights from the Wind and Solar Energy Sectors

Within this paper, we specifically take an actor-centred perspective – focusing on players not just within the government but also private sector and civil society – to better understand the influence of such actors in shaping climate change action within India. Through this analysis, we aim to explore the underlying domestic political economy as well as the international linkages shaping climate action. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Assessing Uncertainty Along the Climate-Crop-Economy Modeling Chain

Agricultural production is sensitive to weather and thus directly affected by climate change. This paper is part of a collective effort to systematically integrate climate, crop and economic models to obtain plausible estimates of these climate change impacts More details

This is the cover to the book Climate Change and Development.

Climate Change and Development

Climate change is the defining developmental challenge of our times. Its impacts threaten to reverse hard won developmental achievements of past decades. Poor countries and peoples will generally be hit soonest and hardest despite them contributing least to causing the problem. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Why Do Global Long-term Scenarios for Agriculture Differ? An Overview of the AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison.

Artilce illustrating the results of a study where 10 global economic models that produce long-term scenarios compare a reference scenario with alternate socioeconomic, climate change, and bioenergy scenarios using a common set of key drivers. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Impacts of Increased Bioenergy Demand on Global Food Markets

This article shows to what extent a strong increase in ligno-cellulosic bioenergy deployment may affect agricultural markets and land-use change. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Agriculture and Climate Change in Global Scenarios: Why Don't the Models Agree?

This article presents climate change results and underlying determinants from a model comparison exercise with 10 of the leading global economic models that include significant representation of agriculture. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Comparing Supply-Side Specifications in Models of Global Agriculture and the Food System

This article compares the theoretical and functional specification of production in partial equilibrium (PE) and computable general equilibrium (CGE) models of the global agricultural and food system included in the AgMIP model comparison study. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Social Protection and Climate Change

Paper prepared for the OECD's DAC Task Team on Social Protection More details

This is the image for IDS Virtual Bulletin issue 4, Climate Change, Disasters, and Development Post-2015.

Climate Change, Disasters, and Development Post-2015

The year 2015 will be pivotal for climate change, disasters, and development. In all three areas, new international frameworks are due to be agreed to guide policy and action. More details

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