Climate Change

Climate change affects world's poorest and most vulnerable people, who often lack the robust systems and capacity needed to cope. While 'mitigation' through tackling greenhouse gas emissions is crucial to limiting impacts, some change is inevitable and climate change 'adaptation' is now central to development.

Rokshana (8) and Laila (8) walk through flood waters on their way to school in Bishambarpur. During monsoons most of the children can not attend school because of flooding. G.M.B. Akash/Panos Pictures

Efforts to integrate climate change adaptation into the development process must ensure that the most vulnerable groups are central to the rapidly expanding climate change research and policy agenda. At the same time, future international climate change regimes must be built on principles of equity, deliver dramatic carbon reductions, establish low-carbon development pathways and provide funding mechanisms that reach the most vulnerable people.

IDS researchers and knowldge professionals are carrying out research and policy analysis on climate change, to build adaptation and disaster risk reduction policies that contribute to eradicating poverty; improve our understanding of whose voices and whose knowledge counts in climate policies and meet the challenge of achieving sustainable economic growth through low-carbon development. They do this in multiple ways:

Photo of Adrian Bannister from IDS Knowledge Services More details

Photo of Alan Stanley from IDS Knowledge Services More details

Photo of Alex Shankland, IDS Research Fellow More details

Photo of Ana Pueyo More details

Photo of Ashish Chaturvedi More details

Photo of Dirk Willenbockel More details

Photo of Frances Seballos More details

Photo of Gordon McGranahan, Cities research fellow More details

Photo of Ian Scoones, Research Fellow More details

Photo of Jeremy Allouche, IDS research fellow More details

Photo of John Thompson, a Research Fellow in the IDS Rural Futures research cluster More details

Photo of Lars Otto Naess More details

Photo of Lyla Mehta More details

Photo of Melissa Leach, IDS Director More details

Bangladesh Alumni Ambassador More details

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Photo of Sharon Suri, Alumni Ambassador, Malaysia More details

Stephen Spratt, IDS Research Fellow More details

Photo of Wei Shen, Research Fellow, Green Transformations More details

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Addressing Synergies and Trade-Offs between Goals for Climate-Resilient Agricultural Systems

What factors lead state and market actors in Africa to commit to implementing more ‘climate smart’ and ‘climate resilient’ agricultural approaches and practices that promoting more sustainable and pro-poor outcomes? This study is examining how different governance systems are handling the complex interface between food, energy, water and climate in pursuit of the SDGs pertaining to these sectors in four countries in Africa. More details

AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison

The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) hosted by the Columbia University Earth Institute is a major international effort to assess the state of global agricultural modelling and to understand climate impacts on the agricultural sector. More details

Building Resilience and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa through Social Learning around Climate Risks

Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly vulnerable to droughts, floods and other climate-related stressors and shocks. This research aims to contribute to greater understanding of the underlying drivers of risk, while also identifying pathways to improve the impact that climatic information may have on building resilience through bridging the 'usability gap'. More details

Climate Change, Uncertainty and Tranformation

This project sees uncertainty as a key barrier to efforts to support social transformation to respond to the challenges posed by climate change. More details

Development and Management of NAMAs in India

The overall objective of the project is that the Government of India starts using Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) as one of the mechanisms for addressing climate change mitigation. More details

DFID Innovation Prizes for Environment and Development

Running innovation prizes that will improve poor people's resilience to climate change. More details

Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Ethiopia

Pilot project to develop a dynamic multisectoral modelling framework for climate change impact and adaptation policy assessment. More details

Economic Modeling of Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies for Ethiopia, Mozambique and Ghana

This project involves a case-study approach to develop an economywide modeling framework for comparative analysis of climate change adaptation strategies linked to impact models. More details

ESCO Box: Smart monitoring, billing and control for pro-poor access to energy services

IDS will lead on the work package addressing Evaluation of poverty impacts of smart monitoring, billing and control systems. More details

Future Agricultures Consortium

The DFID funded Future Agricultures Consortium is an Africa-based alliance of research organisations seeking to provide timely, high-quality and independent information and advice to improve agricultural policy and practice in Africa. More details

Global Food and Farming Futures – Lead Expert Group

The Foresight Project on Global Food and Farming Futures addresses the question: ‘How can a future global population of 9 billion people all be fed healthily and sustainably?' More details

Green Growth Diagnostics for Africa

This project is looking into the heart of the electricity supply crisis in sub-Saharan Africa. More details

HUMPOL Courting Catastrophe?

Courting Catastrophe is looking at how the humanitarian sector needs to change to meet this challenge, with research in countries in Asia and Africa to develop new ways of acting. More details

International Climate Fund: Enhancing Capacity to Deliver on Gender

A partnership between Coffey, IDS and RICARDO AEA has been formed to improve mainstreaming and targeting of women and girls in the International Climate Fund. More details

Joto Afrika - a bilingual briefing series on climate change adaptation in Africa

A briefing series on climate adaptation which draws lessons, experiences and practical information from across sub-Saharan Africa. More details

Knowledge Navigator - your key to online Climate Change platforms

The Knowledge Navigator project has developed a web-based interactive tool, called a widget, to guide users through to appropriate climate change websites. It is a joint project between IDS Knowledge Services and the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) More details

Learning Hub

A place for DFID staff to connect with and learn from fellow country office staff, DFID specialist advisers and technical experts as a basis for creating applied knowledge for dealing with the complexities of climate change in the development arena. More details

Participatory vulnerability assessment and climate adaptation planning for food security and nutrition in East Africa

In collaboration with Bioversity International, the Climate Change Team at IDS is designing a participatory vulnerability analysis toolkit. The work builds upon a toolkit that IDS created for Mexico’s National Commission for Protected Natural Areas (CONANP), in work funded by GIZ (documentation currently in Spanish only). It will be field-tested in Tanzania in September 2013. More details

Pro-Poor Access to Electricity

This project is part of an accountable grant provided to IDS by DFID to analyse the factors and policies that increase benefits of renewable electricity provision for the poor and support the design of interventions that take these into account More details

Pro-Poor Electricity Provision

This programme will develop and promote evidence-based policy and programme guidance on low carbon energy investments to benefit poor people, especially women and girls. More details

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IDS publications on international development research

China's Impact on the Global Wind Power Industry

Discussion Paper 16/2012 (2012)

This paper investigates whether China’s transformative influence extends to the new green economy. Drawing on the debate about how China is driving major economic changes in the world – the ‘Asian drivers’ debate – it identifies five corridors of influence and investigates their relevance for the wind energy industries. More details

Non-IDS publication

Vulnerability and Adaptation of African rural populations to Climate Change: the Case of Fishers’ Communities in the Central Delta of Niger

Climate Change 3-4.115 (2012)

In this paper we examine ways Sahelian floodplain fishers have adapted to the strong environmental variations that have affected the region in the last two decades. We analyse their vulnerability and adaptive capacity in the face of expected changes in rainfall combined with the predicted effects of dam construction. More details

Renewable Technology Transfer to Developing Countries: One Size Does Not Fit All

IDS Working Paper 412 (2012)

Developing countries are experiencing unprecedented levels of economic growth. As a result, they will be responsible for most of the future growth in energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. More details

Non-IDS publication

Climate Change Communication and Social Learning - Review and Strategy Development for CCAFS

This working paper offers an overview of current theory and practice on climate change communication and social learning in the global South with a view of informing CCAFS strategy in this area. More details

Behind the Scenes at a Climate Change Knowledge Sharing Network

IDS Working Paper 402 (2012)

Knowledge sharing networks are increasingly recognised as means of mobilising the knowledge and capacities needed to respond to complex and changing realities, such as the challenges posed by climate change. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Extreme Weather Events and Crop Price Spikes in a Changing Climate: Illustrative global simulation scenarios

This study uses a global dynamic multi-region computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to explore the potential food price impacts of a number of extreme weather event scenarios in 2030 for each of the main exporting regions for rice, maize and wheat. More details

Front cover for IDS Bulletin 43.5 New roles for communication in development? September 2012

New Roles for Communication in Development?

IDS Bulletin 43.5 (2012)

This Bulletin explores the significant shift in the landscape of research communications in development in recent years and how this might give us new understandings of what drives social change and policy influence. More details

Non-IDS publication

Adaptation Policy, Governance and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper asks what can be learned about adaptation policy by considering the political context in sub-Saharan Africa. More details

Non-IDS publication

Climate Change and Agricultural Policy Processes in Malawi

This paper explores climate change - agriculture debates in Malawi in view of the increasing interest and funding pledges for the agricultural sector in a changing climate. More details

IDS publications on international development research

A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis of Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

Review of Development Economics 16.3 (2012)

This study links a multi-sectoral regionalized dynamic computable general equilibrium model of Ethiopia with a system of country-specific hydrology, crop, road and hydropower engineering models to simulate the economic impacts of climate change towards 2050. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Financing Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: Mechanisms and Responsibilities

This paper reviews the instruments currently in use to finance renewable energy in developing countries,and considers those that have been proposed but not yet fully employed. More details

The Learning Hub recognised that a rich body of knowledge is continuously being generated by DFID frontline staff through an organic ‘learning-by-doing’ process. The programme was designed to join up this knowledge, internally – between country staff and headquarters staff – and externally with cutting-edge knowledge from thematic experts.

Learning to Tackle Climate Change

How can continuous reflection and learning help tackle climate change in the context of wider development challenges? This interactive PDF aims to support ongoing learning by those inside and outside DFID to develop their own learning journey - no matter what their country, context or level of personal expertise. It reflects the combined knowledge of DFID staff and external experts generated over two years on a shared learning journey through the Learning Hub programme. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Author Reflections

IDS Bulletin 43.3 (2012)

This article is made up of a few individual reflections from the authors of articles in this IDS Bulletin on why they used action research approaches and/or some of the critical issues that they see as important. More details

IDS In Focus Policy Briefing

Children, Climate Change and Disasters

IDS In Focus Policy Briefing 23 (2012)

Disasters pose one of the greatest threats to future generations. Children now and in the future have the right to protection from disasters and the right to participate in decision making and action to prevent disasters and adapt to climate change. More details

This is the image for 'Social Protection and Resilience
to Climate and Disaster'.

Social Protection and Resilience to Climate and Disaster

Programme Briefing (2012)

Social Protection, Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction all aim to reduce vulnerability to shocks. But so far these three communities of practice have worked in isolation. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Participatory Action Research and Children: Lessons from Disaster Management and Climate Change Adaptation

IDS Bulletin 43.3 (2012)

Recent research and practice from the fields of climate change adaptation and disaster management has created a shift from emphasis of children’s vulnerability and need for protection towards their potential as agents of change before, during and after disaster events. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Seasonality, Rural Livelihoods and Development

Seasonality is a severe constraint to sustainable rural livelihoods, and a driver of poverty and hunger, particularly in the tropics. Many poor people in developing countries are ill equipped to cope with seasonal variations which can lead to drought or flood and consequences for agriculture, employment, food supply and the spread of disease. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Sharing Climate Adaptation Tools: Improving Decision-Making for development

The workshop was conceived in response to the growing numbers of adaptation tools being developed and piloted by development agencies and others to tackle climate-related risks, now and in the future More details