GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE

Health

Having an effective health system is essential to pro-poor development but it is a complex challenge. IDS research starts from the experience and innovations emerging within developing countries themselves rather than seeking to export models from the OECD countries.

Five key areas of research and policy

IDS research, information services and policy advisory activities on health and rapid change are organised around five key areas of research and policy concern:

1. The challenge of pluralistic health systems

In many developing countries, health services are delivered by a range of service providers and actors. In these settings, how can institutional arrangements for ensuring quality and affordability be developed and how can people access safe and reliable health-related goods and services? What are the implications for strategies for financing health services?

2. The changing nature of regulation and the role of government

How has the spread of markets and integration into the global economy affected the role of government in the health sector? What kinds of regulatory partnerships are emerging, who are the power brokers and what are the implications for policy processes? How can health services be made accountable to the people who use them.

3. Health in the knowledge economy

The rapid spread of the mass media, mobile telephone networks and  the internet is creating new ways for people to get access to medical information and advice without visiting a doctor. How can these developments benefit poor people? What new regulatory challenges do they pose?

4. Rights, entitlements and equity

In contexts of rapid social, economic and ecological change, new patterns of inequality and exclusion are emerging. How can government commitments to 'universal access' be translated into effective rights to safe and effective health services? How can societies meet the rising expectations of people who are benefiting from economic development, while ensuring that the rights and needs of 'hard to reach' people are addressed?

5. The changing pattern of disease

The world is facing a rapid increase in a number of chronic non-communicable diseases. What aspects of development are contributing to this rapid increase? What can be done to help households cope when a family member becomes seriously ill or disabled? How can health systems change to enable very large numbers of people to manage a chronic, progressive disease?

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IDS staff or research student

akshay khanna - Research Fellow

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Alex Shankland - Research Fellow

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Becky Mitchell - Research Officer - Conflict, Violence and Development Cluster

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Photo of Catherine Holley,  Information Officer for the Human Development Resource Centre (HDRC) in IDS Knowledge Services.

Catherine Holley - Research Officer/Coordinator

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Elizabeth Mills - Research Fellow

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Photo of Gerry Bloom, Research Fellow of the Knowledge Technology and Society team

Gerry Bloom - Research Fellow

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Photo of Hayley MacGregor

Hayley MacGregor - Research Fellow

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Photo of Henry Lucas from Knowledge Technology and Society Team

Henry Lucas - Research Fellow

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Photo of Inka Barnett

Inka Barnett - Research Fellow

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Photo of Jerker Edstrom

Jerker Edstrom - Research Fellow

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Leah Murphy is the Health and Education Convenor with the Knowledge Services

Leah Murphy - Health and Education Convenor

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Photo of Linda Waldman, KNOTS Research Fellow

Linda Waldman - Research Fellow and Team Leader

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Photo of Melissa Leach

Melissa Leach - Director

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Photo of Michael Loevinsohn, IDS Research Fellow

Michael Loevinsohn - Research Fellow

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Photo of Nick Nisbett, IDS Research Fellow in the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team

Nicholas Nisbett - Research Fellow

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Photo of Pauline Oosterhoff, Research Fellow, Participation Power and Social Change

Pauline Oosterhoff - Research Fellow

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IDS staff or research student

Petra Bongartz - Communication and Networking Officer, CLTS

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Professor Xuilan Zhang, Senior International Associate with the Rising Powers in International Development programme and Director, Institute of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University.

Xiulan Zhang - Senior International Associate

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IDS staff or research student

Rose Ndakala Oronje - DPhil

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Sandra Baxter is Manager for the Human Development Resource Centre, and works in IDS Knowledge Services

Sandra Baxter - Knowledge Manager

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AllAfrica and IDS development reporting initiative

IDS and AllAfrica have teamed up to produce and distribute compelling multi-media content on critical issues for Africa’s future, as part of a development reporting initiative. More details

ARCADE HSSR: African Regional Capacity Development for Health Systems and Services Research

A Consortium led by Karolinska Institutet strengthening research training capacity at Sub Saharan African universities for health systems and services development. Focusing on doctoral and post doctoral training, institutional strengthening for education and research management. More details

ARCADE RSDH: Asian Regional Capacity Development for Research on Social Determinants of Health

A Consotiurm lead by Karolinska Institutet developing new research training capacity for low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia, to promote research on social determinants of health. The focus is doctoral and post doctoral training, institutional strengthening for education, research management and network building. More details

Bridging the Gap Evaluation

This is a mid-term evaluation of the Bridging the Gaps Programme a global program operating in 16 countries across all the main key populations at-risk for HIV. More details

Childhood Vaccination in West Africa

Vaccines for children are currently high on international policy, aid and funding agendas, as a major promised means to meet the Millennium Development Goals. Yet major challenges have emerged in ensuring effective coverage and dealing with public anxieties. More details

Childhood Vaccination: Science and Public Engagement

Vaccines for children are currently high on international policy, aid and funding agendas, as a major promised means to meet the Millennium Development Goals. Yet major challenges have emerged in ensuring effective coverage and dealing with public anxieties. More details

China Health Development Forum

The China Health Development Forum is an informal association coordinated by the Chinese Health Economics Institute (CHEI) and IDS. More details

Dynamic Drivers of Disease in Africa Consortium

A consortium of researchers aiming to advance understanding of the connections between disease and environment in Africa, focusing on animal-to-human disease transmission.. More details

Ensuring Health Care for the Rural Poor: alternative approaches in China and Vietnam

A comparative study of rural health care services undertaken in collaboration with partners in Vietnam and China. More details

Final External Review of the Cross-Cutting Disability Research Programme

This independent external review aimed to determine the extent to which the three year Cross-Cutting Disability Research Programme (CCDRP) in Nepal, India, Zambia, Uganda, and Kenya, has met its expected impact, outcome and outputs. More details

Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium

Future Health Systems is a research consortium working to improve access, affordability and quality of health services for the poor. More details

HEART (Health and Education Advice and Resource Team)

HEART is a consortium of leading organisations in international development, health, nutrition and education. IDS Knowledge Services work together with these organisations to support the use of evidence and expert advice in policymaking. More details

Home Grown School Feeding programme

A new initiative that will support government action to deliver cost effective school feeding programmes sourced from local farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. More details

Partnering for Better Food

This project aims to identify and support scalable public-private innovative partnerships in developing countries that bridge the gaps between agriculture and nutrition programmes to improve nutrition for the poor and undernourished. More details

Potential of Mining PPPs to Strengthen Health Systems and Extend Health Services to Underserved Populations

This project has been designed to examine the scope for mining industry public-private partnerships (PPP) to strengthen health systems and extend health services to underserved populations More details

Protecting the rural poor against the economic consequences of major illness

Major illness in the family has become an important cause of household impoverishment in China and the ex-command economies of Southeast Asia, as these countries have managed the transition to a market economy. More details

Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Centre

The STEPS Centre is an interdisciplinary global research and policy engagement hub, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. It aims to develop a new approach to understanding, action and communication on sustainability and development. More details

Studies of HIV in African Communities - ALPHA Network policy briefings

"Studies of HIV in African Communities" Highlights is a briefing series aimed at policymakers and practitioners. It is co-produced by the Alpha Network and IDS Knowledge Services. More details

Transforming Health Systems to Serve the Wellbeing of Indigenous and Minority Peoples

In 2012 researchers from IDS and the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), with funding from Rockefeller Foundation and the Wellcome Trust, organised a meeting to discuss issues around inequities in universal health coverage that particularly affect indigenous and minority peoples and identify effective strategies for .addressing those inequities. More details

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IDS publications on international development research

Innovation in Regulation of Rapidly Changing Health Markets

This paper explores the key issues associated with regulation of health markets in low and middle-income countries, and the different goals of regulation, namely quality and safety of care, value for money, social agreement over fair access and financing, and accountability. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Why Worry about the Politics of Child Undernutrition

Undernutrition affects over 2 billion people; but most of the global policy focus has been on technical solutions rather than an understanding of nutrition politics. This paper reviews existing literature on nutrition politics and policy. More details

PB66 Front Cover

Building Mutual Understanding for Effective Development

In recent years a number of countries, referred to collectively as the rising powers, have achieved rapid economic growth and increased political influence. In many cases their experience challenges received wisdom on inclusive development. More details

PB65 Front Cover

Responding to the Threat of Nutrition-related Non-communicable Disease

Shifts in society, demography, technology and the environment are significantly impacting the global burden of disease, with non-communicable disease (NCD) on the rise. Almost half of all deaths attributable to NCD have nutrition as the predominant risk factor (cardiovascular diseases and diabetes). More details

This is the cover to IDS Working Paper 443, 'Engaging with Health Markets in Low and Middle-Income Countries'.

Engaging with Health Markets in Low and Middle-Income Countries

Many low and middle-income countries have pluralistic health systems with a variety of providers of health-related goods and services in terms of their level of training, their ownership (public or private) and their relationship with the regulatory system. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Gender Inequality and Maternal and Child Nutrition in Northern Nigeria

This summary provides an overview of how gender inequality impacts maternal and child nutrition in Northern Nigeria. More details

ER67 Front Cover

Maternal Mental Health in the Context of Community-based Home Visiting in a Re-engineered Primary Health Care System: A Case Study of the Philani Mentor Mothers Programme

This document constitutes a briefing summary of the case study of a maternal mental health intervention in South Africa, the Philani Mentor Mothers Programme. More details

ER60 Front Cover

E-health and M-health in Bangladesh: Opportunities and Challenges

There is growing enthusiasm amongst analysts of global health for the possibilities opened up by the rapid spread of mobile phone coverage. This includes substantially increasing access to health-related information and advice and to expert medical consultations. More details

Evidence Report 52

The Role of Businesses in Providing Nutrient-Rich Foods for the Poor: A Case Study in Tanzania

This case study of a Tanzanian food processing business analyses the potential of mid-sized businesses to contribute to tackling undernutrition. Particularly among young children and pregnant mothers, undernutrition has lifelong consequences and impedes individuals’ health, wellbeing and life chances. More details

This is the cover for IDS Policy Briefing 50, 'Non-Profit Food Distribution: Working with Businesses to Reduce Undernutrition in Nigeria'.

Non-Profit Food Distribution: Working with Businesses to Reduce Undernutrition in Nigeria

In Nigeria, undernutrition is causing vast social and economic damage. To address this, poor people must have better access to a diet rich in essential nutrients. More details

The Health of Women and Girls in Urban Areas with a Focus on Kenya and South Africa: A Review

The Health of Women and Girls in Urban Areas with a Focus on Kenya and South Africa: A Review

This thematic review focuses on a range of health challenges faced in particular by women and girls living in low-income urban settlements in expanding cities in Kenya and South Africa. More details

Image Teaser for PB46 Evaluating Experimental Policymaking

Evaluating Experimental Policymaking: Lessons from China's Rural Health Reforms

The development of a rural health insurance system in China provides a test case to examine how experimental policy development can work in social and health policy. More details

Image Teaser for Evidence Report 3, 'Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Women Living with HIV in South Africa'

Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Women Living with HIV in South Africa

South Africa's constitutional and legal framework reflects the country's commitment to women's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) in line with international commitments. Nevertheless, women's rights are still abused and overlooked. More details

Publication cover for KS-APCOM discussion paper on Islam, sexual diversity and health services

Islam, Sexual Diversity and Access to Health Services

In the Asian region, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Maldives, Malaysia and Indonesia have a majority Muslim population. Islam, in essence, does not condemn anyone due to sexual orientation, and the Quran does not prescribe punishments for homosexuality. More details

AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa - aggregating, producing and distributing 2000 news and information items daily from over 130 African news organizations and reporters to an African and global public.

Nigeria: Battling Malaria Without Drugs or Knowledge

This article examining ways of treating malaria was produced by Premium Times for AllAfrica, in partnership with the Institute of Development Studies. More details

AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa - aggregating, producing and distributing 2000 news and information items daily from over 130 African news organizations and reporters to an African and global public.

World Malaria Day: Malaria costs Nigeria billions of naira each year. What does it cost a Nigerian?

The Daily Trust reports on findings resulting from IDS' partnership with AllAfrica. More details

Non-IDS publication

The Impact of Health Insurance for the Informal Sector in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review

A systematic review of literature on the extent to which insurance schemes enhance access to care and offer protection from financial risk to households in the informal sector. More details

This is the cover for our Rapid Response Briefings

Zoonoses - From Panic to Planning

Over two thirds of all human infectious diseases have their origins in animals. The rate at which these zoonotic diseases have appeared in people has increased over the past 40 years, with at least 43 newly identified outbreaks since 2004. More details

This is the image for the book 'Transforming Health Markets in Asia and Africa: Improving Quality and Access for the Poor'.

Transforming Health Markets in Asia and Africa: Improving Quality and Access for the Poor

This book documents the problems associated with unregulated health markets and presents innovative approaches that have emerged to address them. More details

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