Zoonoses

Zoonoses are diseases and infections that can be naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and people. They include diseases such as SARS, avian flu and Ebola. Some diseases, such as HIV/AIDS and the 2014/15 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, began as zoonoses though continued their spread through human-to-human transmission. 

Children and livestock in Kenya

Over the past few decades more than 60 per cent of emerging infectious diseases affecting people are zoonotic in origin, with at least 43 newly identified outbreaks since 2004. People living in poorer parts of the world are disproportionately affected, with lives and livelihoods often devastated.

The movement of people globally has meant that zoonoses emergence and spread also has implications for agriculture and trade. In this context, some zoonoses also present a threat of pandemic.

However, zoonotic diseases are not well understood, and so are underdiagnosed and under-prioritised in national and international health systems. IDS researchers are working on a range of projects – often with partners in the natural sciences – to gain a better understanding of the social, political, institutional and policy dimensions of zoonoses. 

Dynamic Drivers of Disease in Africa Consortium

A STEPS-led consortium of researchers aiming to advance understanding of the connections between disease and environment in Africa, focusing on animal-to-human disease transmission.. More details

Ebola: Lessons for development

IDS researchers argue that there is an urgent need to look beyond the immediate, on-the-ground concerns of disease control and containment to consider the bigger and broader questions about international development. More details

Livestock, Livelihoods and Health

Livestock, Livelihoods and Health is an interdisciplinary research programme exploring diseases that can be transmitted from wild or domesticated animals to people (known as zoonoses). More details

Myanmar Pig Partnership

The Myanmar Pig Partnership is focusing on the risks of zoonotic disease emergence associated with the rapid growth and intensification of livestock production in Myanmar in recent years. More details

Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Centre

The STEPS Centre is an interdisciplinary global research and policy engagement hub, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. It aims to develop a new approach to understanding, action and communication on sustainability and development. More details

View all Research Theme's publications

Use this search to display this theme's publications and filter by journal, author, country and much more.


IDS publications on international development research

Comparison of Social Resistance to Ebola Response in Sierra Leone and Guinea Suggests Explanations Lie in Political Configurations not Culture

Critical Public Health 01.27 (2016)

Sierra Leone and Guinea share broadly similar cultural worlds, straddling the societies of the Upper Guinea Coast with Islamic West Africa. There was, however, a notable difference in their reactions to the Ebola epidemic. As the epidemic spread in Guinea, acts of violent or everyday resistance to outbreak control measures repeatedly followed, undermining public health attempts to contain the crisis. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Zoonotic Disease: Who Gets Sick, and Why? Explorations from Africa

Critical Public Health 27.1 (2016)

Global risks of zoonotic disease are high on policy agendas. Increasingly, Africa is seen as a ‘hotspot’, with likely disease spillovers from animals to humans. This paper explores the social dynamics of disease exposure, demonstrating how risks are not generalised, but are related to occupation, gender, class and other dimensions of social difference. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Moving interdisciplinary science forward: integrating participatory modelling with mathematical modelling of zoonotic disease in Africa

Infectious Diseases of Poverty 17.5 (2016)

This review outlines the benefits of using multiple approaches to improve model design and facilitate multidisciplinary research into infectious diseases, as well as showing and proposing practical examples of effective integration. More details

IDS publications on international development research

One Health: Science, Politics and Zoonotic Disease in Africa

Zoonotic diseases – pathogens transmitted from animals to people – offer particularly challenging problems for global health institutions and actors, given the complex social-ecological dynamics at play. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Whose Knowledge Matters? Trypanosomiasis Policymaking in Zambia

Zoonotic diseases – pathogens transmitted from animals to people – offer particularly challenging problems for global health institutions and actors, given the complex social-ecological dynamics at play. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Stakeholder Narratives on Trypanosomiasis, Their Effect on Policy and the Scope for One Health

Neglected Tropical Diseases 12.9 (2015)

This paper explores the framings of trypanosomiasis, a widespread and potentially fatal zoonotic disease transmitted by tsetse flies (Glossina species) affecting both humans and livestock. More details

PPIB20_FrontCover

Ebola, Politics and Ecology: Beyond the ‘Outbreak Narrative’

IDS Practice Paper in Brief 20 (2015)

The origin of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has been traced to the likely confluence of a virus, a bat, a two-year-old child and an underequipped rural health centre. More details

PPIB22_FrontCover

Urbanisation, the Peri-urban Growth and Zoonotic Disease

IDS Practice Paper in Brief 22 (2015)

Ebola has had significant, negative effects in the rapidly expanding, unregulated areas of peri-urban and urban West Africa. The residents of these areas maintain vital connections with rural populations while intermingling with and living in close proximity to urban and elite populations. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Research Update: Situation Analysis Sierra Leone.

This document offers a research update on the Consortium case study exploring the drivers of Lassa fever in Sierra Leone. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Understanding and Managing Zoonotic Risk in the New Livestock Industries

Environmental Health Perspectives 121 (2013)

Here we present the diverse range of ecological, biological, and socioeconomic factors likely to enhance or reduce zoonotic risk, and identify ways in which a comprehensive risk analysis may be conducted by using an interdisciplinary approach. We also offer a conceptual framework to guide systematic research on this problem. More details

This is the cover for our Rapid Response Briefings

Zoonoses - From Panic to Planning

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 2 (2013)

Over two thirds of all human infectious diseases have their origins in animals. The rate at which these zoonotic diseases have appeared in people has increased over the past 40 years, with at least 43 newly identified outbreaks since 2004. More details

IDS publications on international development research

To Pandemic or Not? Reconfiguring Global Responses to Influenza

Examining the political economy of knowledge in responses to the 2009-10 influenza pandemic, this paper argues that globally, and in many individual nations, techno-scientific narratives constructed by bio-medical actor networks failed to correspond with the more variegated narratives of multifarious global publics, and so struggled to recruit support and maintain credibility and authority. More details

This is the latest book by Melissa Leach called Epidemics: Science, Governance and Social Justice

Epidemics: Science, Governance and Social Justice

Recent disease events such as SARS, H1N1 and avian influenza, and haemorrhagic fevers have focussed policy and public concern as never before on epidemics and so-called 'emerging infectious diseases'. More details

This is the cover of Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza: Science, Policy and Politics

Over the past decade, substantial resources have been spent on tackling avian influenza and building a global capacity for a pandemic response. The catastrophic costs of the 1918 influenza pandemic are well documented, and the swine flu pandemic of 2009-10 has raised the alarm yet again. More details

IDS publications on international development research

The International Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza: Science, Policy and Politics

STEPS Working Paper 10 (2008)

Over the last decade, the avian influenza virus, H5N1, has spread across most of Asia and Europe and parts of Africa. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Misreading the African Landscape: Society and Ecology in a Forest-Savanna Mosaic

Islands of dense forest in the savanna of 'forest' Guinea have long been regarded as the last relics of a once more extensive forest cover, degraded and degrading fast due to its inhabitants' land use. More details

< previous 1 2 next >

One Health: are we doing it wrong?

18 Jan 2017
By Sophie Valeix

The social life in infectious diseases

07 Dec 2016
By Nathan Oxley

What does Zika mean for sexual and reproductive health and rights?

08 Feb 2016
By Maya Unnithan, Hayley MacGregor, Jackie Cassell

'I Googled IDS…'

14 Oct 2015
By Violet Barasa

Ebola: Time to strengthen health systems and global health governance

10 Mar 2015
By Hayley MacGregor, Gerry Bloom, Anne Roemer-Mahler
< previous 1 2 next >