Fighting Over Land: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Colombia

The aim of this project is to develop a research agenda on the long-term effect of civil conflict on institutions, particularly on land tenure structure. Dr Monuz-Mora will develop a theoretical model on the ongoing civil conflict and asset appropriation, through which he can derive a set of hypotheses that can be tested using a unique dataset from Antioquia, a western-Colombia region.

Accordingly, this project will assess four key issues:

  • Which motivations could explain the behaviour of armed actors to fight over land?
  • Which characteristics make a given land area more likely to be under dispute?
  • Which type of distortions to the land tenure structure can be attributed to conflict in Antioquia-Colombia?
  • What is the effect of the length of exposure to violence on land markets?

The contribution of this project will be twofold. Firstly, it will provide empirical and theoretical evidence on the relationship between armed conflict and social outcomes, more specifically in this project the land tenure system. Secondly, it will provide technical support to many land restitution policies launched in post-conflict settings. As far as we know this would be the first attempt to estimate such a relationship.

Key contact

Juan-Carlos Munoz-Mora photo

T: 01273 915648


More details

T: +44 (0)1273 915688


More details

Does Land Titling Matter? The Role of Land Property Rights in Colombia’s War on Drugs

IDS Policy Briefing 156 (2018)
Muñoz-Mora, J.C., Tobón, S. and d’Anjou, J.W.

The Role of Land Property Rights in the War on Illicit Crops: Evidence from Colombia

World Development 103 (2018)
Muñoz-Mora, J.C., Tobon, S., d’Anjou, J.W
Project Dates:
June 2017 - May 2019
Project Status:
European Commission (EC)
Research Themes / Programmes:
Conflict, Violence and Security
Land reform and rights