Fonkoze's CLM Ultra Poverty Programme: Understanding and Improving Child Development and Wellbeing
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This report represents baseline findings from a quantitative evaluation assessing the impact of Fonkoze's Chemen Lavi Miyò (CLM) programme, or 'the pathway to a better life' programme, on child wellbeing in Haiti. The CLM programme is a so-called 'graduation programme', aiming to set people on a sustainable pathway out of poverty. Arguably, such graduation out of poverty is only truly sustainable if it is intergenerational (Roelen, 2015), requiring programmes to have a positive impact on household wellbeing at large and children in specific. While the evidence base regarding the impact of graduation programmes on households and adult members is steadily growing, little information is available about its impact on children and child development. This evaluation aims to contribute to this important knowledge base.
Graduation programmes are based on the notion that extremely poor households require a big push towards a positively reinforcing cycle of income generation and asset accumulation (Carter and Barrett, 2007). This requires a comprehensive sequenced package support that often includes consumption transfers, asset transfers, access to savings and credit, training and coaching (Hashemi and Umaira, 2011). Training and coaching are mostly focused on income generating activities but often also include messaging regarding health, sanitation and feeding practices. Rigorous evaluations of graduation programmes showcase positive impacts on consumption, assets and food security (Banerjee et al. 2015). However, evidence with respect to whether and how economic strengthening through comprehensive livelihoods programming translates into positive outcomes for children is relatively thin (Britto et al. 2013; Ellis and Chaffin 2015; Ssewamala et al. 2014).
This baseline report provides an overview of the CLM programme and its activities, particularly considering how they may impact children's outcomes. It sets out the overall methodology and sampling strategy underpinning the baseline survey and evaluation overall. It discusses the situation at baseline for the areas of wellbeing, particularly considering differences between programme beneficiaries and control group members.