GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE

Climate Change, Vulnerability and Resilience

Poor people in developing countries are in the front line of climate change. Not only are expected changes in rainfall and temperature in many developing countries greater than in the developed world, but poor people are also more vulnerable to such changes. This is partly because so many depend on agriculture for their livelihoods.

In an initiative supported by the Ministry for the Environment with Bonriki Primary School (Kiribati) mangrove seedlings are planted to restore natural coastal ecosystems and to protect the coastline from erosion caused by sea level rise and storm surge. Credit: Jocelyn Carlin / Panos

However, the real roots of vulnerability lie in poverty, placing severe limits on the ability of people to protect themselves against more frequent shocks like droughts and floods, and longer term climate trends.

Our work on this theme seeks to understand how vulnerability and poverty are produced by the wider political economy and politics in particular contexts. Researchers are working across IDS to explore how to strengthen the resilience of poor people to climate-related disasters and trends. Our research considers a range of approaches, including low-carbon development, allocation of climate adaptation funding, social protection, ecosystems approaches and vulnerability analysis.

But we are also examining at what points more profound structural change in economies and politics will be needed if societies are to adapt to climate change successfully, and how that change can be made.

Our research in this area seeks answers to questions such as:

  • How can we enhance the ability of governments, civil society and private sector organisations in developing countries to build the resilience of poor people to disasters and climate change?
  • What are the implications of differences in perceptions of climate change and risks (for example by gender, age, livelihood or location) for strengthening resilience?
  • What adaptation delivery mechanisms may be appropriate in different contexts, and what role can social protection play in adaptation and resilience building?
  • Can adaptation and resilience be mainstreamed into development projects, programmes and policies through the use of climate screening tools?

Climate Planning

This project will consider a range of donor, private sector, NGO and country-led methodologies for climate compatible development strategy building and planning. More details

HUMPOL Courting Catastrophe?

Courting Catastrophe Why is there always such a frantic rush in humanitarian response to a disaster, and a slow crawl in making people safe before the hazard strikes? This imbalance has been the norm for many decades. There are signs that more work on reducing vulnerability (often now rebranded as its opposite: resilience) is being done to mitigate disasters, but not enough. And with climate change making hazards worse - more frequent or stronger (or both) there needs to be a very rapid swing in the direction of preparedness and prevention of disasters. Courting Catastrophe is looking at how the humanitarian sector needs to change to meet this challenge, with research in countries in Asia and Africa to develop new ways of acting. More details

Strengthening Climate Resilience

Strengthening Climate Resilience has created the Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management Approach (CSDRM) for disaster risk managers, policy-makers and researchers. The CSDRM approach incorporates climate change resilience into the way we plan for, and respond to, natural disasters impacting vulnerable communities. More details

The Political Economy of Climate-Compatible Development

This project is based on the contention that understanding and working with the prevailing political economy is crucial to change the understanding and commitment of decision makers, to improve coordination, collaboration and mobilisation amongst key stakeholders, and to strengthen the institutions and institutional capacity to deliver climate compatible development. More details

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Non-IDS publication

Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar: Zanzibar Social Protection Policy

This policy report offers an in-depth analysis of the Zanzibar Social Protection Policy, as well as mapping poverty and vulnerability on the island. More details

IDS publications on international development research

New Challenges to Food Security: From Climate Change to Fragile States

This book explores how food production and consumption is embedded in powerful political and market forces and how these influence local actions. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Scenarios for Global Agriculture and Food Security Towards 2050: A Review of Recent Studies

This book explores how food production and consumption is embedded in powerful political and market forces and how these influence local actions. More details

IDS publications on international development research

A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis of Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

This study links a multisectoral, regionalised, dynamic, computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of Ethiopia with a system country-specific hydrology, crop, road, and hydropower engineering models to simulate the economic impacts of climate change scenarios from global circulation models (GCMs) to 2050. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Banking on a New World Order

The establishment of a BRICS bank may see a geopolitical shift from developed countries to developing ones. More details

IDS publications on international development research

ORIE Nigeria: Quantitative Impact Evaluation Baseline Report

This report presents the findings from the baseline survey of the quantitative impact evaluation of the Working to Improve Nutrition in Northern Nigeria (WINNN) Programme interventions in Northern Nigeria. More details

PB70 Front Cover

Learning from India's Development Cooperation

In recent years, India has substantially increased the levels of its development cooperation. It has streamlined its development cooperation activities and put the principles of South-South Cooperation, including respect for national sovereignty, national ownership and independence, non-conditionality and mutual benefit, into action. More details

This is the cover to 'Knowledge from the Margins: An Anthology from a Global Network on Participatory Practice and Policy Influence'.

Knowledge from the Margins: An Anthology from a Global Network on Participatory Practice and Policy Influence

This anthology is an account of the activities carried out by the Participatory Research Group (PRG) within the Participate initiative between 2012 and 2014, and also a reflection on the methods and processes created and utilised during that time. More details

This is the cover image for the IDS Bulletin, 'China and International Development: Challenges and Opportunities'.

China and International Development: Challenges and Opportunities

In parallel to its domestic economic boom, China has grown increasingly active and influential on the international stage, including in global development. China’s re-emergence on the global stage is both a cause and a symptom of the fundamental sea change now affecting development assistance and policy. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Climate and Environmental Change: Views from Life in a Time of Food Price Volatility

How are rapid recent food price changes linked to climate and environmental change? How do people who are vulnerable to these changes view these links? More details

ER86 Front Cover

Maximisation of Benefits for the Poor of Investments in Renewable Electricity: A Policy Tool for Project Planning

Energy poverty is a major development issue: nearly 1.2 billion people, or close to one-fifth of the world’s population, have no access to electricity. Close to 85 per cent of them live in rural areas After falling out of favour in the 1980s, electrification is again seen as central to poverty reduction efforts. More details

ER83 Front Cover

Brazil Public Opinion Monitor: Causes of Poverty Survey Results

The Brazil Public Opinion Monitor (BPOM) is a longitudinal panel of 2,672 opinion leaders from across Brazil. It aims to provide an ongoing monitor of opinions and perspectives on the economic and social development of Brazil, and on Brazil’s place in the wider world. More details

ER82 Front Cover

Strengthening the Poverty Impact of Renewable Electricity Investments: Summary of E-Discussion

On 19 and 20 March 2014 IDS convened an e-discussion on ‘strengthening the poverty impact of renewable electricity investments’. The event sought to instigate a global dialogue on what is required to maximise the poverty impact of clean electricity investments, as well as inform ongoing IDS work on this topic as part of our Accountable Grant with DFID. More details

ER84 Front Cover

India Public Opinion Monitor: Causes of Poverty Survey Results

The India Public Opinion Monitor (IPOM) is a longitudinal panel of 3,022 opinion leaders from across India that aims to provide an ongoing monitor of opinions and perspectives on the economic and social development of India, and on India’s place in the wider world. More details

ER85 Front Cover

South Africa Public Opinion Monitor: Causes of Poverty Survey Results

The South Africa Public Opinion Monitor (SAPOM) is a longitudinal panel of 2,526 opinion leaders from across South Africa that aims to provide an ongoing monitor of opinions and perspectives on the economic and social development of South Africa, and on South Africa’s place in the wider world. More details

This is the cover for IDS Working Paper 448, 'Carbon Forestry and Climate Compatible Development in Mozambique: A Political Economy Analysis'.

Carbon Forestry and Climate Compatible Development in Mozambique: A Political Economy Analysis

This paper looks at the political economy of carbon forestry and REDD+ in Mozambique in view of goals for climate compatible development, i.e. simultaneously addressing emission reduction, adaptation and development. Mozambique is one of the world’s poorest countries and one of the most at risk from the effects of climate change. More details

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