Conflict and Violence

Almost one third of the world's population live in conflict-affected low-income countries. Yet little is known about the effects of conflict on household welfare, behaviour and poverty. The Conflict and Violence Research Cluster is developing new insights into how people live and interact in contexts of conflict and violence, and what institutions best support them.

Youths with panga knives, bows and arrows and corrugated metal shields clash on the streets of Nakuru. Ethnic violence sparked last December following protests against disputed election results, after suspected vote rigging by Kikuyu President Mwai Kibaki. Copyright: Frederic Courbet/PANOS

Our research focuses on important micro-level local dynamics of violent conflict and the choices and constraints facing individual people and communities, which are shaped by wider political and development dynamics and processes and longer economic transitions. We seek to influence policy and programming processes, through the development of relevant policies and approaches for working in and on conflict and through building partnerships with development practitioners.

Our research will help develop policies and practices that strengthen people’s efforts to secure their own lives and livelihoods. Our research themes include:

  • How people live in areas of violent conflict,
  • Governance and institutional change in areas of conflict,
  • Long-term human capital outcomes and conflict exposure,
  • Conflict and gender-based violence.

Related resources

Image: Frederick Courbet / Panos

Key contact

Photo of Patricia Justino, IDS Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Research Fellow

T: +44 (0)1273 915752

E: p.justino@ids.ac.uk

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Team Members

Alia Aghajanian PhD student

E: a.aghajanian@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Becky Mitchell

T: +44 (0)1273 915706

E: b.mitchell@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Brigette Rohwerder

T: +44 (0)1273 915787

E: b.rohwerder@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Bruno Martorano

E: b.martorano@ids.ac.uk

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IDS staff or research student

T: +44 (0)1273 915703

E: c.dowd@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Camilla Lindstrom

E: c.lindstrom2@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Carol Smithyes from the IDS Communications team

T: +44 (0)1273 915638

E: c.smithyes@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Deborah Shenton, Team Administrative Coordinator, Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction

T: +44 (0)1273 915760

E: d.shenton@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Deborah West

T: +44 (0)1273 915688

E: d.west@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Freida M'Cormack

E: f.mcormack@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Jaideep Gupte, Research Fellow with Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Team

T: +44 (0)1273 915656

E: j.gupte@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Jeremy Allouche, IDS research fellow

T: +44 (0)1273 915834

E: j.allouche@ids.ac.uk

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Jeremey Lind is a Research Fellow with Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Team

T: +44 (0)1273 915747

E: j.lind@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of IDS researcher, Mariz Tadros

T: +44 (0)1273 915829

E: m.tadros@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Marjoke Oosterom, Post Doctoral Researcher with the Participation, Power and Social Change research team

E: m.oosterom@ids.ac.uk

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IDS staff or research student

E: m.tauson@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Patricia Justino, IDS Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction Research Fellow

T: +44 (0)1273 915752

E: p.justino@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Patta Scott-Villiers

T: +44 (0)1273 915616

E: p.scott-villiers@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Robin Luckham

T: +44 (0)1273 915712

E: r.luckham@ids.ac.uk

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Sandra Baxter is Manager for the Human Development Resource Centre, and works in IDS Knowledge Services

T: +44 (0)1273 915788

E: s.baxter@ids.ac.uk

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Photo of Shandana Mohmand

T: +44 (0)1273 915720

E: s.mohmand@ids.ac.uk

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Understanding Implications of Household Risk and Social Protection in the Afghan Context of Conflict and Fragility

Patricia Justino will (i) co-lead research and authorship for a background paper (and related publications) on household risk, behaviour, and policy options in the Afghanistan context of conflict and, (ii) for a social safety net impact evaluation, contribute to instrument design, analysis, and interpretation of results, especially with respect to conflict-related issues. More details

Womens Economic Inequality and VAWG consultancy

In this consultancy, Marinella Leone is developing evidence to support arguments and recommendations made in the ActionAid report exploring the interlinkages between women’s economic inequality/ neoliberal policies and Violence against women and girls (VAWG). More details

Disadvantaged Groups and Social Mobility

Bruno Martorano and Patricia Justino will analyse group-based inequalities in Mexico and write a paper on the topic of ‘The impact of the recent crisis in Mexico on economic and political inequalities among minorities’ that discusses and advances an argument about patterns and trends. More details

UNU-WIDER Symposium on Taxation & Revenue Mobilisation in Developing Countries consultancy

Bruno Martorano will be conducting research on the topic of ‘Tax Changes and Inequality in Latin America, 1990-2010’ More details

Advisor for the World Development Report 2017

Prof. Patricia Justino is working on the World Development Report 2017 as an advisor to the lead author of the chapter on "Security, Conflict and the Absence of Violence", as well as producing a background paper for the WDR chapter. More details

Food Security, Gender Equality and Peace-Building: Theoretical Framework and Future Agendas

IDS researchers have been commissioned to generate knowledge and evidence-based, actionable recommendations to governments and other stakeholders on the nexus between support to food and nutrition security and building resilient livelihoods, peace processes and stability, and how to integrate gender issues into appropriate policies and actions related to food and nutrition security in situations where conflict exists, has recently ceased, or is likely to reoccur. More details

Gender Based Violence in the Gaza Strip After Israeli Operation 'Protective Edge’

The proposed research attempts to contribute to our knowledge of VAW incidence and prevalence as well as responses, coping strategies and mechanisms of support in the five governorates in Gaza 2015. More details

Overcoming Violence Through Local Institutions: A Comparative Study of Households and Communities in Colombia

This project will support collaboration and engagement between IDS and the Universidad de los Andes in conducting a unique three-year research programme on the effect of violent conflict on institutional change. More details

VAWG Helpdesk Programme Evaluation Support to Accountable Security and Justice in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

This project aims to improve access to security and justice institutions for Women and to strengthen accountability of the security services at the level of the Palestinian Authority’s Ministry of Interior. More details

Aiding Resilience? The Impact of Foreign Assistance on the Dynamics of Intrastate Armed Conflict

The aim of this project is to evaluate the association between types, locations, timing, and amounts of development aid and the likelihood, escalation, severity, spread, duration, and recurrence of violence, spanning the phases before, during, and after conflict. More details

Domestic Violence in Ghana: Prevalence, Incidence and Causes

Providing an in-depth understanding of determinants of domestic violence in Ghana, to strengthen advocacy and advance legal, policy and programmatic interventions aimed at countering domestic violence in Ghana. More details

A Mobile Training Platform for Urban Policing in India and Nepal

The aim of this project is to develop training videos for urban police that can be accessed via mobiles. This kind of platform allows the videos to be centrally updated, accessed (or ‘pushed’) on demand, and also allow for an innovative addition to police performance monitoring. More details

Assessment of the Impact of Gender Equality Programming on Humanitarian Outcomes

This project will develop understanding of how and under what conditions GEP has or has not contributed to improved humanitarian outcomes. It will accumulate an evidence base that can be harnessed to inform decision makers' discussions in the area of GEP, and inform the design of gender-responsive humanitarian interventions. More details

Community Cooperation in Post-Conflict Bosnia

This project will investigate what determines the level of community cooperation in the post-conflict period. More details

UN MONUSCO/World Bank DRC Consultancy

The primary objective of the consultancy is to support the development of a coordinated approach to monitoring and evaluation for the Peace Consolidation programme (PCP) in DRC. More details

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

Women in Local Peacebuilding Research

Documenting the role of women in local peacebuilding, conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Sierra Leone and Liberia. More details

TAMNEAC

Training and Mobility Network for the Economic Analysis of Conflict (TAMNEAC) is a Marie Curie Initial Training Network, funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Programme. More details

Quantifying the Impact of Women’s Participation in Peace Building

Review existing evidence on the importance of women’s activities in local peace-building processes, and on the impact of policy interventions aimed at supporting the social, economic and political roles that women play in peace-building processes. More details

Changing Livelihoods in Darfur Since 2005

Assessing current livelihood strategies and options available to vulnerable communities living in Darfur. More details

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