Building Inclusive, Secure Societies

Building more inclusive and secure societies acknowledges the appalling dangers and lasting harms to people's lives and livelihoods from everyday conflict and violence, but also from risks associated with the environment, health and the economy.

Small boy looking out to wide open sea, waiting for his father to return from fishing

Inclusive institutions key to long-term resilience

Being and feeling unsafe and insecure is devastating to individuals, families, communities and societies. Our work contributes to a greater understanding of how we can build resilience and protect people against threats from conflict as well as environmental, economic, political and social shocks. Preventing a shock from magnifying in to a crisis also requires inclusive institutions and an understanding of how we can enable citizens to feel that they have a stake in the way their communities are governed.

Greater peace, freedom and safety for people everywhere

IDS’ work seeks to understand the factors that underlie and reinforce insecurity – a lack of inclusion and citizenship, unequal power relations and problematic forms of securitisation. This work explores what institutions, communities, policy and practice can do to achieve peace, freedom and safety for everyone, everywhere.

Patricia Justino, IDS Research Fellow and Leader of the IDS Conflict and Violence Cluster:

 “With almost one third of the world’s population living in low-income conflict-affected countries, it is critical that we understand the effects of conflict on people’s welfare, behaviour and poverty.” 

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Aiding Resilience? The Impact of Foreign Assistance on the Dynamics of Intrastate Armed Conflict

The aim of this project is to evaluate the association between types, locations, timing, and amounts of development aid and the likelihood, escalation, severity, spread, duration, and recurrence of violence, spanning the phases before, during, and after conflict. More details

‘Seeing’ Conflicts at the Margins: Understanding Community Experiences Through Social Research and Digital Narrative in Kenya and Madagascar

In a context of unprecedented investment in natural resource developments, this project bridges the social sciences, the humanities and community-based participatory research to ask how different ‘communities’ of actors ‘see’ and experience resource conflicts in Kenya and Madagascar. We use social science alongside a variety of participatory multimedia methods to open up conflict research to more diverse framings and voices, which can offer new insights on the drivers of resource conflict and pathways to peace. More details

A Mobile Training Platform for Urban Policing in India and Nepal

The aim of this project is to develop training videos for urban police that can be accessed via mobiles. This kind of platform allows the videos to be centrally updated, accessed (or ‘pushed’) on demand, and also allow for an innovative addition to police performance monitoring. More details

Advisor for the World Development Report 2017

Prof. Patricia Justino is working on the World Development Report 2017 as an advisor to the lead author of the chapter on "Security, Conflict and the Absence of Violence", as well as producing a background paper for the WDR chapter. More details

Agency and Governance in Contexts of Civil Conflict

Analysing how the relationship between populations living in contexts of violence and armed non-state actors controlling or contesting those areas results in forms of local governance and order, and how this affects people's livelihoods. More details

Capacity Building for Smart Data and Inclusive Cities (SDIC)

The “Capacity Building for Smart Data and Inclusive Cities” (SDIC) project aims strengthen technical and institutional capacities by working directly with municipal authorities participating in the Smart Cities Mission in four secondary cities in India: Bhopal and Jabalpur (in Madhya Pradesh) and Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi (in Kerala). More details

Community Cooperation in Post-Conflict Bosnia

This project will investigate what determines the level of community cooperation in the post-conflict period. More details

Coptic Culture Conservation Collective

The Coptic Culture Conservation Collective initiative will create a narrative and visual archive of contemporary Coptic intangible cultural heritage. More details

Democratisation, Decentralisation, Local Governance: IDS-SDC Collaboration

The aim of this third phase of cooperation between IDS and SDC is to share learning and collaborate on policy engagement in priority areas of decentralised and democratic local governance. More details

Improving access to livelihoods, jobs and basic services in violent contexts

Expanding access to work and services, such as public utilities and safe and reliable transportation, are important elements of any approach to strengthen security in poor urban neighbourhoods. More details

Market-Based Mangrove Afforestation and Reforestation in Kenya and India

This study aims to understand and compare processes and relationships associated with the ‘marketization of nature’ – how nature-based commodities and markets for trading them are brought into being – in the context of mangrove afforestation, reforestation and restoration projects in Kenya and India. More details

Meanings and Expressions of Empowerment and Accountability (part of the A4EA programme)

This research theme, under the Action for Empowerment and Accountability (A4EA) Research Programme, is concerned with the meanings of empowerment and accountability from the point of view of the people’s experiences and perceptions, and this in turn means for collective action. More details

Pathways to Accountability Bargains (part of the A4EA research programme)

This research theme, under the Action for Empowerment and Accountability (A4EA) Research Programme, is concerned with the following question: how can stable and inclusive political settlements (among elites) and a just social contract (between elites and different social groups) emerge that are based on accountable and responsive institutions? More details

Pathways to Inclusive Development through Innovation, Technology and Change

Pathways to Inclusive Development through Innovation, Technology and Change is developing a framework to analyse alternative pathways that link different forms of technological innovation, and evaluate resulting structural change and inclusion outcomes in low-income countries. More details

Power, Violence, Citizenship and Agency

The Power, Violence, Citizenship and Agency (PVCA) project is an action research project designed by researchers at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) and carried out with a number of institutional partners. More details

The Role of External Actors (part of the A4EA research programme)

This theme supports the programme in addressing: What are the best ways for external actors, such as donors, NGO’s etc., to support internally led social and political actions or to create enabling conditions that contribute to empowerment and accountability?’ More details

Women in Local Peacebuilding Research

Documenting the role of women in local peacebuilding, conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Sierra Leone and Liberia. More details

View all Research Theme's publications

Use this search to display this theme's publications and filter by journal, author, country and much more.


ER197_FrontCover

Reducing Violence in a Time of Global Uncertainty: Insights from the Institute of Development Studies Addressing and Mitigating Violence Programme

IDS Evidence Report 197 (2016)

This Evidence Report details key insights from the Institute of Development Studies Addressing and Mitigating Violence programme, which involved detailed political analysis of dynamics of violence as well as efforts to reduce and prevent violent conflict across a number of countries and areas in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. More details

PB122_FrontCover

Reducing Violence in a Time of Global Uncertainty

IDS Policy Briefing 122 (2016)

The new Sustainable Development Goal to reduce armed violence is a welcome commitment but the prescriptive nature of its approach is problematic – there is ‘no one size fits all’. Rather, focus needs to be on how violence operates in particular settings. More details

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Impact of Community-led Total Sanitation on Women’s Health in Urban Slums: A Case Study from Kalyani Municipality

IDS Evidence Report 194 (2016)

This Evidence Report seeks to understand the health and other impacts of slum women’s access to sanitation through the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach. More details

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The Role of Cities and Urbanisation in Achieving Development Goals

IDS Evidence Report 192 (2016)

The world is in the midst of a long and uneven urban transition, with the great majority of urbanisation and urban population growth now occurring in parts of Asia and Africa. Urbanisation has profound effects on local rural and urban economies, life chances and environments, though much depends on how it is handled. More details

This is the cover to IDS Bulletin 47.3, 'Ruptures and Ripple Effects in the
Middle East and Beyond'.

Ruptures and Ripple Effects in the Middle East and Beyond

IDS Bulletin 47.3 (2016)

Perhaps more than any other region or any other period of post-Cold War history, the Middle East since the Arab Spring constitutes a significant challenge to established ideas about development and its relationship with conflict. More details

This is the cover to IDS Working Paper 468, 'Informal Local Governance Institutions: What They Do and Why They Matter'.

Informal Local Governance Institutions: What They Do and Why They Matter

IDS Working Paper 468 (2016)

There is growing scholarly and policy awareness of the fact that public authority is rarely exercised only by the state. In fact, a host of actors and institutions exercise authority over and regulate the everyday life of local populations across large parts of the world, with important implications for public policy. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Working Paper 466, 'Is Fiscal Decentralisation Delivering on its Promises? A Review of the Theory and Practice in Developing Countries'.

Is Fiscal Decentralisation Delivering on its Promises? A Review of the Theory and Practice in Developing Countries

IDS Working Paper 466 (2016)

Fiscal decentralisation has become a widespread phenomenon in developing countries and it has attracted increasing attention in the past few decades. The supporters of decentralisation argue that it can bring about positive outcomes, whether economic or political in nature. For example, since local governments are closer to citizens, they can be expected to be more responsive to their needs. More details

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Cities, Violence and Order: the Challenges and Complex Taxonomy of Security Provision in Cities of Tomorrow

IDS Evidence Report 175 (2016)

How will security in cities be understood in the future? For whom will it be provided? What are the ways by which urban security provision will be governed? And, what impact will violence and order in cities have on the processes of state-building in fragile contexts in the future? These questions are uppermost in the minds of policymakers and academics. More details

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Rethinking Approaches to Peace-Building and Political Settlements in an Increasingly Urbanised World

IDS Policy Briefing 112 (2016)

Violence in cities significantly compromises development and can have detrimental consequences for peace-building and political settlements in both conflict and non-conflict settings. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Working Paper 464, 'Power, Violence, Citizenship and Agency: A Review of the Literature'.

Power, Violence, Citizenship and Agency: A Review of the Literature

IDS Working Paper 464 (2016)

This Working Paper comprises a literature review that was carried out to inform the formulation of a research project on power, violence, citizenship and agency, which addresses how social actors react to complex, violence-prone contexts. More details

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Whose Security? Building Inclusive and Secure Societies in an Unequal and Insecure World

IDS Evidence Report 151 (2015)

Development researchers, governance specialists, security and international relations analysts are cartographers of the modern world. Their job is to untangle the tangled, yet in doing so they all too often make flat all that is high and rolling. More details

IDS publications on international development research

The Ebola Crisis and post-2015 Development

Journal of International Development 27.6 (2015)

This article argues that the recent Ebola crisis is the result of structural violence, as interlocking institutions have produced interlaced inequalities, unsustainabilities and insecurities. More details

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Towards Conflict-sensitive Regional Integration in East Africa

IDS Policy Briefing 100 (2015)

Regional integration and development in East Africa have been portrayed as inextricably linked. Integration involving investment in trade and transport corridors to move goods, services and people between coast and resource-rich hinterlands is seen as part of development and economic growth, even peace-building. More details

IDS Evidence Report 142 Frontcover

High-Level Roundtable on Improving Lives and Reducing Violence through the Provision of Services

IDS Evidence Report 142 (2015)

This high-level roundtable explored the complex links between poverty, violence, insecurity and the provision of services, drawing on four case studies from within Nairobi, Kathmandu, Mumbai and India as a whole. More details

This is the front cover to IDS Working Paper 461, 'Food Riots and Food Rights: the Moral and Political Economy of Accountability for Hunger in Kenya'.

Food Riots and Food Rights: the Moral and Political Economy of Accountability for Hunger in Kenya

IDS Working Paper 461 (2015)

The green revolution and the global integration of food markets were supposed to relegate scarcity to the annals of history. So why did thousands of people in dozens of countries take to the streets when world food prices spiked in 2008 and 2011? More details

This is the fron cover for IDS Rapid Response Breifing 10.

Understanding Insurgent Margins in Kenya, Nigeria and Mali

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 10 (2015)

In recent years, violent insurgency has gripped the margins of Kenya, Mali and Nigeria. Militant Islamist groups have attacked civilian populations, state security personnel and political-administrative officials, spreading insecurity across large areas and exploiting the mistrust between societies at the margins and central authorities. More details

IDS publications on international development research

Social media and conflict management in post-conflict and fragile contexts

GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1184 (2015)

This rapid review identifies recent literature on the role of social media plays in conflict management in post-conflict and fragile contexts. More details

Promoting and Protecting Religious Diversity in the Middle East

Including People with Disabilities in Emergency Relief Efforts

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 8 (2014)

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around 15 per cent of the world’s population, or one billion people, have some form of disability. More details

IDS publications on international development research

The Impact of Conflict on Poverty

This rapid review provides an overview of the latest evidence on the impact of conflict on poverty. More details

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 7 Front Cover

Addressing Sexual Violence in and beyond the 'Warzone'

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 7 (2014)

Conflict-related sexual violence remains pervasive across the globe, and its widespread use has been reported in Rwanda, Liberia, Northern Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Iraq, Libya and Syria. More details