Community-led Total Sanitation Programme
Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an innovative methodology for mobilising communities to completely eliminate open defecation (OD). Communities are facilitated to conduct their own appraisal and analysis of open defecation and take their own action to become open defecation free (ODF).
Merely providing toilets does not guarantee their use, nor result in improved sanitation and hygiene. Earlier approaches to sanitation prescribed high initial standards and offered subsidies as an incentive. But this often led to uneven adoption, problems with long-term sustainability and only partial use. It also created a culture of dependence on subsidies.
Open defecation and the cycle of fecal–oral contamination continued to spread disease. In contrast, CLTS focuses on the behavioural change needed to ensure real and sustainable improvements – investing in community mobilisation instead of hardware, and shifting the focus from toilet construction for individual households to the creation of 'open defecation-free' villages.
By raising awareness that as long as even a minority continues to defecate in the open everyone is at risk of disease, CLTS triggers the community's desire for change, propels them into action and encourages innovation, mutual support and appropriate local solutions, thus leading to greater ownership and sustainability.
IDS has been working on the research, learning and networking aspects of CLTS for close to a decade. During this time, CLTS has become an international movement. The IDS programme on Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) works around the world to ensure that CLTS goes to scale with quality and in a sustainable and inclusive manner. The aim is to contribute to the dignity, health and wellbeing of children, women and men in the developing world who currently suffer the consequences of inadequate or no sanitation and poor hygiene.
- Research Fellow
- Research Fellow
Going to Scale? The Potential of Community-Led Total Sanitation
Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is a participatory approach that started in Bangladesh and has been spread to varying degrees in India, Cambodia, Indonesia, China, Nepal. To a limited degree, it has also been trialled in some African countries. More details
Sharing Lessons, Improving Practice: Maximising the Potential of Community-Led Total Sanitation
CLTS is an innovative methodology for mobilising communities to completely eliminate open defecation (OD). More details
Strengthening and Broadening Community-Led Total Sanitation at Scale
The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Hub works in collaboration with practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and others in the development, sanitation and related communities, and in governments, international agencies, civil society, research institutes and other organisations. The aim is support CLTS to go to scale sustainably and with quality, broadening its scope, accelerating its spread and adding to its momentum as a movement. More details
Gender, Violence and Sanitation: practices to make WASH safer08 May 2015
By Sue Cavill
Minds set in Washington DC30 Apr 2015
By Robert Chambers
An Open Letter in response to the World Development Report 201518 Mar 2015
By Robert Chambers, Petra Bongartz
Re-building participatory practice as a catalyst for social change06 Feb 2015
By Thea Shahrokh