The project on ‘Developing a methodology on pathways to economic development through South-South Trade, Investment and Knowledge Exchange’ is examining the rationale for promoting South-South trade and investment linkages based on the International Trade Centre (ITC)’s experiences with South-South trade and investment programmes. The project is drawing lessons for south-south cooperation towards creating employment and income opportunities in the Global South through the promotion of trade and investment partnerships, generating knowledge transfer and exchange, and setting the ground for sustainable economic development.
ITC’s South-South Trade and Investment programme builds on the transformative change that South-South partnerships can bring about, key among those being transfer and exchange of appropriate knowledge and facilitated innovation. Examining the role of partnerships and knowledge exchange, a focus in this project is on ITC’s first large-scale initiative under the South-South trade and investment programme-SITA (Supporting Indian Trade and Investment for Africa – a South-South project seeking to accelerate South-South trade and investment linkages between India and East African partner countries. We are also examining lessons from other key initiatives that include Partnership for Investment and Growth in Africa (PIGA) and the Trade Promotion between China and other Developing Countries along the Belt and Road Initiative.
We are exploring the following key questions: What is the rationale for South-South cooperation on Trade, Investment and Knowledge Exchange? What best practice is there for South-South cooperation projects, embedded within triangular cooperation? Based on ITC’s experience, how can these projects be designed more effectively? We aim to provide insights from a structured review of the emergent literature and evidence, semi-structured interviews with ITC staff and two targeted case studies to understand best practice, failures and successes, to motivate an emerging rationale and methodology on South-South Trade, Investment and Knowledge Exchange.