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Project

Ethnic Minority Development in Vietnam

This ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council)-DFID funded project investigated why ethnic minority peoples have failed to share equally in the benefits of Vietnam’s recent rapid economic growth, despite the plethora of government programmes designed to assist them.

The project combined rigorous quantitative analysis of three rounds of household survey data from the 1990s and early 2000s, with a qualitative review of the policy implementation process at different levels of government in three provinces. Innovative quantitative methods drawn from the recent literature on labour market micro-econometrics were used to investigate which ethnic groups are lagging behind and why the ethnic gap has widened over time. The extent to which different ethnic minorities experience unequal treatment, both on average and at different points of the welfare distribution, was investigated together with whether the policies introduced to promote ethnic minority development have functioned as intended.

The project’s objectives, emerging findings and policy conclusions have been discussed extensively in a series of meetings and informal seminars with key stakeholders from the Government, donors and NGOs in Vietnam. This extensive user engagement strategy has stimulated a dialogue around appropriate measures to promote ethnic minority development.

The project was implemented by IDS and the Department of Economics at the University of Sussex in partnership with the Centre for Analysis and Forecasting of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences.

ESRC award number RES-167-25-0157

Project details

start date
11 February 2006
end date
11 February 2008
value
£0

Partners

About this project

Region
Viet Nam

Recent work

Publication

Decomposing the Ethnic Gap in Rural Vietnam, 1993-2004

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This paper examines and decomposes the gap in per capita expenditures between majority and minority ethnic groups in rural Vietnam between 1993 and 2004. Over this period, the real expenditure gap between rural Kinh and Chinese-headed households and those headed by ethnic minorities increased by...

1 March 2012

Publication

Ethnicity and Household Welfare in Rural Vietnam, 1993-2004 (English)

The primary purpose of this paper is to determine the relative welfare position of different ethnic groupings in rural Vietnam using data spanning an eleven-year period corresponding to radical economic transformation in Vietnam. The analysis reported in this study confirms that the Kinh...

11 May 2009

Publication

The Economic Development of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam (Vietnamese)

The rapid economic growth experienced in Vietnam during the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in unprecedented reductions in poverty. The 54 officially recognized ethnic groups within Vietnam’s diverse society have not, however, shared equally from the benefits of this growth.

1 May 2009

Publication

The Economic Development of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam (English)

The rapid economic growth experienced in Vietnam during the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in unprecedented reductions in poverty. The 54 officially recognized ethnic groups within Vietnam’s diverse society have not, however, shared equally from the benefits of this growth.

1 May 2009