Fighting Over Land: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Colombia

The aim of this project is to develop a research agenda on the long-term effect of civil conflict on institutions, particularly on land tenure structure. Dr Monuz-Mora will develop a theoretical model on the ongoing civil conflict and asset appropriation, through which he can derive a set of hypotheses that can be tested using a unique dataset from Antioquia, a western-Colombia region.

Accordingly, this project will assess four key issues:

  • Which motivations could explain the behaviour of armed actors to fight over land?
  • Which characteristics make a given land area more likely to be under dispute?
  • Which type of distortions to the land tenure structure can be attributed to conflict in Antioquia-Colombia?
  • What is the effect of the length of exposure to violence on land markets?

The contribution of this project will be twofold. Firstly, it will provide empirical and theoretical evidence on the relationship between armed conflict and social outcomes, more specifically in this project the land tenure system. Secondly, it will provide technical support to many land restitution policies launched in post-conflict settings. As far as we know this would be the first attempt to estimate such a relationship.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 708448.

Key contacts

Project details

start date
1 May 2017
end date
1 May 2019


Supported by
European Commission

About this project


Deborah West

Project manager

Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora

Post Doctoral Researcher

Recent work