Providing scientific foundation for enterprise development approaches in E4D/SOGA’s theory of change and analysis

IDS is working with GIZ to provide evidence that supports the development of the theory of change of their enterprise development programme, E4D/SOGA. The E4D/SOGA project promotes local employment and addresses skills gaps in natural resource-based industries and related sectors in four target countries: Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda.

While E4D/SOGA’s approach includes both skills development and enterprise development components, this research focuses on the enterprise development component, which supports micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in order to generate more decent and sustainable employment. The components of the research include assessments of (a) E4D/SOGA’s existing enterprise development approaches concerning impact on employment creation and income generation (quantitative and qualitative); and (b) evidence from a literature review and other private sector development programmes regarding employment effects, in order to provide evidence to inform E4D/SOGA’s theory of change.

Project details

start date
31 January 2019
end date
31 December 2019


About this project


Recent work

Impact Story

IDS research shapes enterprise development action in Africa

This past year has seen IDS expand our wide portfolio of long-term research on the private sector through dedicated work for the German development agency GIZ. We provided evidence to assess and shape its programme on enterprise development in East Africa – and in the process, stimulated...

1 September 2020