Providing scientific foundation for enterprise development approaches in E4D/SOGA’s theory of change and analysis

IDS is working with GIZ to provide evidence that supports the development of the theory of change of their enterprise development programme, E4D/SOGA. The E4D/SOGA project promotes local employment and addresses skills gaps in natural resource-based industries and related sectors in four target countries: Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda.

While E4D/SOGA’s approach includes both skills development and enterprise development components, this research focuses on the enterprise development component, which supports micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in order to generate more decent and sustainable employment. The components of the research include assessments of (a) E4D/SOGA’s existing enterprise development approaches concerning impact on employment creation and income generation (quantitative and qualitative); and (b) evidence from a literature review and other private sector development programmes regarding employment effects, in order to provide evidence to inform E4D/SOGA’s theory of change.

Key contacts

Image of Jodie Thorpe
Jodie Thorpe

Research Fellow, Cluster Leader


+44 (0)1273 915732

Project details

start date
31 January 2019
end date
31 October 2019

About this project

Research themes
Inclusive Economies


Image of Jodie Thorpe
Jodie Thorpe

Research Fellow, Cluster Leader

Image of Lizbeth Navas-Aleman
Lizbeth Navas-Aleman

Honorary Associate

Image of Peter O’Flynn
Peter O’Flynn

Research Officer

Image of Seife Ayele
Seife Ayele

Research Fellow