This think piece was commissioned by the OECD, as part of the Framework for the 2011 African Economic Outlook Report. It focuses on the topic – Technological content of South/South trade: does Africa benefit? African countries are transitioning from an era of post-colonialism where they largely depended on the West for their economic relations to one where they significantly interact with virtually every region in the world. How is this normalisation reflected on trade flows? What can we say about the patterns of technological content of African trade with the emerging partners vis a vis the traditional ones?