Summaries The British have linked the provision of programme aid to World Bank and IMF economic policy reform conditions since the early 1980s. Since then they have liberalized their procedures in tune with local liberalisation. ODA currently sees programme aid in a budgetary rather than a balance of payments framework for management. It favours a coordinated donorrecipient approach, agreed and consistent public expenditure priorities, and a medium?term scale with efforts to improve budgetary processes. The SPA, where Britain plays a leading role, has currently shifted in this direction.