The ultimate aim of terrorism is to create fear and anxiety beyond the relatively narrow group of physical victims. This atmosphere of fear and anxiety affects the behaviour, mental health, well-being, and preferences of people even if they are not direct victims. Similarly to crime, fear of terrorism thus induces costs both to the individual and the society as a whole, though crime does not intend to cause fear.
The aim of this paper is not to discuss how to reduce the risk of terrorist incidents or crime. It is rather making one step towards reducing the costs imposed by insecurities such as crime and terrorism by reducing the level of worries. In order to reduce these costs, first those groups most concerned about insecurity need to be identified