This discussion paper is structured as follows: we introduce the concepts of child and HIV sensitive social protection and aim to clarify and link them in terms of underlying rationale and implementation.
Secondly, a broad overview is provided of global trends in the response to AIDS and children in the last decade with particular emphasis on the rise of the role of social protection within this response.
Next, we consider the Eastern and Southern Africa regional perspective on child and HIV sensitive social protection by reviewing regional strategies developed by agencies and organizations, such as, EU, UNAIDS, SADC and others.
Finally, we summarize the main findings and conclusions. This discussion paper aims to provide a frame of reference for the country case studies and provide an indication of those issues that are considered as lessons learned or challenges ahead that require more focus and attention in those country case studies.