IDS working papers;19

Export-oriented Industrialisation Through Primary Processing?

Published on 1 January 1995

Recent research suggests that East Asia’s manufactured export success is
not replicable in other developing countries, with lower skill/land ratios.
This conclusion, however, is based on a narrow definition of manufactured
exports. The present paper asks whether the chances of export-oriented
industrialisation in countries with low skill/land ratios seem better when
the definition of manufactures is broadened to include processed primary
products. The answer from its cross-country econometric analysis is “yes”
for countries with moderately skilled labour forces (as in Latin America),
but “no” for countries where levels of skill are low (as in Africa).

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