IDS working papers;4

Exporting Manufactures: Trade Policy or Human Resources?

Published on 1 January 1994

Whether a country exports manufactures or primary products is determined mainly by the skill level of its labour force, relative to the extent of its natural resources.

This proposition is derived from a modified version of Heckscher-Ohlin theory, and strongly supported by econometric evidence. Variation in trade policies currently accounts for only a small part of the
cross-country variation in the relative importance of manufactured exports.

These findings have important implications for development strategy advice.

Cite this publication

Wood, A. & K. Berge (1994) Exporting Manufactures: Trade Policy or Human Resources? IDS Working Paper 4, Brighton: IDS.

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Publication details

Adrian Wood and Kersti Berge
IDS Working Paper, issue 4


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Research themes
Inclusive Economies

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