Will the international target of reducing poverty by half over the next 15 years be met? Not unless growth efforts are accompanied by significant improvements in income distribution, according to research conducted at the Overseas Development Institute. Poverty education is a twin function of the rate of growth and of changes in income distribution. The research shows better distribution has as much impact on reducing poverty as has increased growth. And given predicted rates of economic growth, it emerges as the factor that will make the main difference between success and failure for new ‘pro-poor’ growth strategies.