Mainstream approaches to conflict and reconstruction fail to recognise how armed conflict exacerbates gender inequality. This pack explores the impact of armed conflict on gender relations, analysing the distinct ways that both women and men are affected. The overview report demonstrates that interventions must respond to the diverse needs of women and men who may simultaneously play the roles of activists and parents, soldiers and victims. The supporting resources collection features summaries of key materials, case studies, tools, web resources and networking contacts. The In Brief bulletin consists of a summary of the overview report and two case studies: the Gender Programme of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Peru (CVR), whose activities promoted gender equality as central to long-term peace; and the Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC) in Palestine, who likewise promote gender equality as essential to the establishment of peace.