Publication

Guidance Note

Guidance note 1. Contextual factors and risks to cholera/AWD transmission in Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia

Published on 1 September 2017

Drought, famine and cholera/AWD (Acute Watery Diarrhoea) outbreaks have become recurrent in the Horn of Africa.
Famine and cholera/AWD outbreaks in the Somali regions are often manmade. While there are environmental factors involved, such as decreased rainfall and decreased vegetation cover, the conflict is the main driver of the humanitarian emergency. Violence prevents people from accessing adequate water sources, displaces them to settlements with poor water and sanitation and impedes them reaching health care centres. In addition, in a drought, water becomes scarce and
pathogens accumulate in stagnant waters, and people and cattle are pushed to use these contaminated waters, sharply
increasing the risk of a cholera/AWD epidemic. The purpose of this guidance note is to support UNICEF staff in understanding the contextual factors (the practices, behaviours, social norms and wider factors) that shape risks of cholera
transmission, being able to separate the social and cultural factors from those that are more structural or systemic.

Cite this publication

Guidance note 1. Contextual factors and risks to cholera/AWD transmission in Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia, Social Science in Humanitarian Action. IDS: Brighton.

Publication details

authors
Social Science in Humanitarian Action Platform
language
English

Share

Related content