This scoping article gives a global picture of dynamics, trends, policies and mechanisms for engaging with women’s representation in political office.
It discusses the kind of affirmative action introduced, and where it features vis‐à‐vis electoral cycles. It describes and compares candidate and reserved seats quotas and shows how electoral systems influence the possibilities of challenging power hierarchies in politics. The second part of the article reflects on the extent to which implementing quotas have been effective in engendering political representation and the conditions that allow or inhibit this.
This article comes from the IDS Bulletin 41.5 (2010) Implementing Affirmative Action: Global Trends