Recent literature discusses aid effectiveness and
impact in relation to capacity building programmes, rather than
technical assistance. To ensure coverage of the latest evidence and
learning, this rapid review adopts the same approach. It finds that
there is a dearth of rigorous evaluations of capacity building
is due to a lack of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in the field, conceptual
confusion in the literature and a tendency to view capacity building as an “end
in itself” rather than a “means to an end”. Nevertheless, there is a large
literature documenting good practice for effective capacity building.
This review discusses five best practices where there is strong
the literature, ensuring country ownership, recognising and responding
to complexity, improving delivery of technical assistance, involving
different levels of government, as well as non-state actors and focusing
on results. The selected key sources in Section 4 provide further
evidence and learning on capacity building
effectiveness and impact.