Journal Article

Money and the Message: The Role of Training and Coaching in Graduation Programming

Published on 29 May 2018

Graduation programmes are innovative because they combine regular cash transfers with livelihood promotion and – most innovatively – a combination of training and tailored coaching. The latter is sometimes considered the ‘X-factor’ in the graduation model, but little evidence exists regarding its role in affecting change. This paper presents findings from a mixed methods evaluation of a graduation programme in Burundi. We find that (i) training and coaching are important complements to cash and material support in achieving positive change, (ii) positive effects extend to the wider community, and (iii) continuous, tailored, and positively engaging modes of messaging are imperative for achieving change.


Image of Keetie Roelen

Keetie Roelen

Research Fellow / Co-Director, Centre for Social Protection

Image of Stephen Devereux

Stephen Devereux

Research Fellow

Publication details

Roelen, K. and Devereux, S.
The Journal of Development Studies


About this publication

Programmes and centres
Centre for Social Protection

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