Publication

Frontiers of CLTS 7

Norms, Knowledge and Usage

Published on 1 January 2016

The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread but most evident in India. 

This issue of Frontiers of CLTS asks how serious the problem is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known. It is an attempt to summarise current knowledge as a first step in exploring and learning about this growing obstacle to attaining and sustaining ODF status in some parts of the world.

This publication is also available for downloading in Hindi (pdf), French (pdf) and Portuguese (pdf). 

Authors

Image of Jamie Myers
Jamie Myers

Research Officer

Image of Robert Chambers
Robert Chambers

Research Associate

Image of Naomi Vernon
Naomi Vernon

Programme Officer for Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Knowledge Hub

Publication details

published by
IDS
authors
Chambers, R. and Myers, J.
journal
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights, issue 7
language
English

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About this publication

Programmes and centres
Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS)
Research themes
Sustainability

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