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Working Paper

ICTD Working Paper 74

Norms, Networks, Power, and Control: Understanding Informal Payments and Brokerage in Cross-Border Trade in Sierra Leone

Published on 25 August 2018

Recent research has cast light on the variety of informal payments and practices that govern the day-to-day interactions between traders and customs agents at border posts in low-income countries.

Building on this literature, this paper draws on survey and qualitative evidence in an effort to explore which groups are most advantaged and disadvantaged by the largely informal processes and norms governing cross-border trade. We find that variation in strategies and outcomes across traders can only be effectively understood with reference to the importance of norms, networks, power, and the logic of control.

Cite this publication

van den Boogaard, V, Prichard, W. and Jibao, S. (2018) Norms, Networks, Power, and Control: Understanding Informal Payments and Brokerage in Cross-Border Trade in Sierra Leone, ICTD Working Paper 74. Brighton; IDS

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Authors

Image of Wilson Prichard
Wilson Prichard

IDS Research Fellow and ICTD Chief Executive Officer

Samuel Jibao

Publication details

published by
ICTD and IDS
language
English

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About this publication

Region
Sierra Leone

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