Journal Article

Nature Sustainability

Principles for Knowledge Co-production in Sustainability Research

Published on 20 January 2020

Research practice, funding agencies and global science organisations suggest that research aimed at addressing sustainability challenges is most effective when ‘co-produced’ by academics and non-academics.

Co-production promises to address the complex nature of contemporary sustainability challenges better than more traditional scientific approaches. But definitions of knowledge co-production are diverse and often contradictory. We propose a set of four general principles that underlie high-quality knowledge co-production for sustainability research. Using these principles, we offer practical guidance on how to engage in meaningful co-productive practices, and how to evaluate their quality and success.


The article can be accessed at Nature Sustainability (paywall).



Cite this publication

Norström, A.V., Cvitanovic, C., Löf, M.F., Leach, M. et al. Principles for knowledge co-production in sustainability research. Nat Sustain (2020) doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0448-2


Melissa Leach

Emeritus Fellow

Albert V. Norström
Christopher Cvitanovic
Marie F. Löf

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