Sex Workers, Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia

Published on 1 June 2014

This case study explores economic, legal and social issues that affect sex workers, with a particular focus on the role of poverty in sex workers’ lives and the potential for poverty alleviation policies and programmes to help lift as many sex workers as possible out of poverty in order to reduce the exploitation, illness and violence associated with their work.

In surveys, sex workers overwhelmingly indicate they would like another occupation, particularly in very poor countries. This has been taken to mean that relieving the poverty of individual sex workers will lead them to stop or reduce sex work. On this analysis, reduced poverty will mean that the number of women entering the sex industry, or staying in it, will be reduced and/or that the harm associated with sex work would be diminished because the numbers of partners or of unprotected sexual contacts would reduce. However, the validity of this logic and the benefits, costs and consequences (intended and unintended) of poverty alleviation in the context of sex work have not been tested or even well documented.

Related files for download

  • Accompanying brief – ERB80 Sex Workers, Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia (pdf)
  • Cite this publication

    Overs, C. (2014) Sex Workers, Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation in Ethiopia, IDS Evidence Report 80, Brighton: IDS

    Publication details

    published by
    Overs, C
    IDS Evidence Report, issue 80


    About this publication

    Programmes and centres
    Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme

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