IDS Policy Briefing;150

What Are the Implications of Ageing and Demographic Change in Rwanda?

Published on 1 February 2018

Having made rapid improvements in life expectancy and fertility as a result of significant investments in the health system and reductions in poverty, Rwanda faces the positive prospects of a ‘demographic dividend’. However, the projected growth in the number of older people over the next 30 years will present significant challenges.

Alongside this, other changes resulting from rapid urbanisation and a growth in employment opportunities will affect how the government will support an ageing population and a changing demographic, especially in the area of social protection. Evidence from in-depth research suggests that a non-contributory social pension is feasible and affordable both now and in the future. This would help to significantly reduce poverty amongst older people over the coming years.


Image of Rachel Sabates-Wheeler

Rachel Sabates-Wheeler

Research Fellow

Publication details

published by
Sabates-Wheeler, R. and Wylde, E.
IDS Policy Briefing, issue 150


About this publication

Programmes and centres
Centre for Social Protection

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