Inclusive Economies

Our work explores what characterises inclusive economies and how these can be achieved, particularly in a world where new technologies, rural to urban migration, and growing youth populations are disrupting and putting new pressures on people’s lives and livelihoods.

Our research looks at the impacts of business and markets on development and inequality and explores the potential for novel market-based solutions to work for the poorest and most marginalised based on gender, ethnicity and disability.  It explores alternatives that enable workers, consumers and communities to have a real voice.

It continues to revitalise debates on agriculture as a key pathway out of poverty and towards inclusion, particularly for young people. Our work is focused on identifying what opportunities exist in a period of agricultural commercialisation and rural transformation and how far different groups are able to access them.  It also understands how new technologies such as drones or blockchains pose risks, but can also be harnessed to improve the lives of the poorest and most marginalised people.  In a rapidly urbanising world where cities have become focal points for economic growth, jobs and innovation but also for poverty, inequality, vulnerability and conflict, our work explores what this means for both urban and rural people, and the opportunities and challenges they face in living safe and fulfilling lives.


Image of Ana Pueyo
Ana Pueyo

Research Fellow

Image of Carlos Fortin
Carlos Fortin

Research Associate

Image of Giel Ton
Giel Ton

Research Fellow

Image of James Sumberg
James Sumberg

Research Fellow

Image of Jing Gu
Jing Gu

Research Fellow, Centre Director

Image of Jodie Thorpe
Jodie Thorpe

Research Fellow, Cluster Leader

Image of John Thompson
John Thompson

Research Fellow

Image of Keetie Roelen
Keetie Roelen

Research Fellow / Co-Director, Centre for Social Protection

Programmes and centres


Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme

Understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty and producing practical options for activists and policymakers for strengthening legal protection of LGBTIQ people and sexuality rights.


Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development

The Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development is at the forefront of research and practical analysis that helps connect governments, donors, civil society, and academia to explore new way to address global development challenges.



Wellbeing, Housing and Infrastructure in Turkey (WHIT)

This research and action project will contribute to finding ‘durable solutions’ for housing infrastructural deficits in Turkey, in the context of large scale displacement of Syrian refugees and rapid urbanisation.

Recent work

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Working Paper

Banking Policy in Botswana: Orthodox but Untypical

IDS working papers;39

Financial sector policy in Botswana was unusual. In most other African countries, newly independent governments intervened extensively in the ownership, management and credit allocation of domestic banks.

1 January 1996

Working Paper

Financial Policies and the Banking System in Zambia

IDS working papers;32

For over 20 years until the early 1990s Zambia had entailed extensive government ownership and administrative controls over markets, including financial and banking markets. Interventionist policies, combined with a steep fall in the external terms of trade, led to economic decline.

1 January 1996

Working Paper

Privatisation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Progress and Prospects During the 1990s

IDS Working Paper 41

Privatisation of state-owned enterprises in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is accelerating, according to this study, and has already progressed much further than previous reports have indicated. Up to now, the analysis of the privatisation in sub-Saharan Africa has been based on very incomplete and...

1 January 1996

Working Paper

Skill, Trade and International Inequality

IDS working papers;47

Heckscher-Ohlin trade theory suggests that greater openness enlarges inter-country differences in stocks of skill (or human capital), which new growth theory suggests would cause inter-country divergence of per capita incomes.

1 January 1996

Journal Article

The Triple C Approach to Local Industrial Policy


In both developed and developing countries there is mounting evidence that clustering and networking help small- and medium-sized manufacturers to raise their competitiveness. The role of public policy in this process is less clear. The European experience suggests that local and regional...

1 January 1996

Working Paper

Banking Reform in Ethiopia

IDS working papers;37

The monopoly government-owned banks in Ethiopia remained relatively sound throughout the period of socialist government.

1 January 1996


The World Economy: Challenges of Globalization and Regionalization

The process of globalization can be seen in the increase of: trade interdependence, the importance of global multinational corporations, mobility and volatility of capital flows (with dangers demonstrated by the recent Mexican crisis). This globalization creates both dangers and new...

1 January 1996