Inclusive Economies

Our work explores what characterises inclusive economies and how these can be achieved, particularly in a world where new technologies, rural to urban migration, and growing youth populations are disrupting and putting new pressures on people’s lives and livelihoods.

Our research looks at the impacts of business and markets on development and inequality and explores the potential for novel market-based solutions to work for the poorest and most marginalised based on gender, ethnicity and disability.  It explores alternatives that enable workers, consumers and communities to have a real voice.

It continues to revitalise debates on agriculture as a key pathway out of poverty and towards inclusion, particularly for young people. Our work is focused on identifying what opportunities exist in a period of agricultural commercialisation and rural transformation and how far different groups are able to access them.  It also understands how new technologies such as drones or blockchains pose risks, but can also be harnessed to improve the lives of the poorest and most marginalised people.  In a rapidly urbanising world where cities have become focal points for economic growth, jobs and innovation but also for poverty, inequality, vulnerability and conflict, our work explores what this means for both urban and rural people, and the opportunities and challenges they face in living safe and fulfilling lives.


Image of Ana Pueyo
Ana Pueyo

Research Fellow

Image of Carlos Fortin
Carlos Fortin

Research Associate

Image of Giel Ton
Giel Ton

Research Fellow

Image of James Sumberg
James Sumberg

Research Fellow

Image of Jing Gu
Jing Gu

Research Fellow, Centre Director

Image of Jodie Thorpe
Jodie Thorpe

Research Fellow, Cluster Leader

Image of John Thompson
John Thompson

Research Fellow

Image of Keetie Roelen
Keetie Roelen

Research Fellow / Co-Director, Centre for Social Protection

Programmes and centres


Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme

Understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty and producing practical options for activists and policymakers for strengthening legal protection of LGBTIQ people and sexuality rights.


Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development

The Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development is at the forefront of research and practical analysis that helps connect governments, donors, civil society, and academia to explore new way to address global development challenges.



Wellbeing, Housing and Infrastructure in Turkey (WHIT)

This research and action project will contribute to finding ‘durable solutions’ for housing infrastructural deficits in Turkey, in the context of large scale displacement of Syrian refugees and rapid urbanisation.

Recent work

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Working Paper

Linking Relief and Development

IDS Discussion Papers 344

This Discussion Paper reports on a workshop on 'Linking Relief and Development', held at IDS, Sussex in March 1994. Development and relief often operate at cross-purposes, with different objectives, cultures and modes of operation.

1 January 1994


Exporting Manufactures: Trade Policy or Human Resources?

IDS working papers;4

Whether a country exports manufactures or primary products is determined mainly by the skill level of its labour force, relative to the extent of its natural resources. This proposition is derived from a modified version of Heckscher-Ohlin theory, and strongly supported by econometric evidence....

1 January 1994


Assessment of the IDB Lending Programme, 1979-92

Commissioned by the Strategic Planning Office of the Inter-American Development Bank, this report provides an assessment of the IDB's lending programme for the period 1979-92. It offers policy recommendations on how to improve future lending activities and addresses issues concerning the role of...

1 January 1994

Working Paper

Skill, Land and Trade: A Simple Analytical Framework

IDS Working Paper 1

This paper proposes a minimal model of the relationship between human resources and foreign trade in developing countries, aimed at making it easier for economists working in these two fields to communicate with one another. The model combines familiar ingredients in a framework which is...

1 January 1994


The Political Analysis of Markets: Editorial Introduction

IDS Bulletin Vol. 24 Nos. 3

This IDS Bulletin stems from a dissatisfaction with the way in which the idea of 'the market' or 'the free market' is currently used in conventional discourse on developmental issues.

1 July 1993