As Ukraine has attempted to distance itself from the Soviet past and to establish a strong and independent self-identity, ideals of masculinity and femininity have emerged that have both nationalist and traditionalist overtones. The respective emphasis on women’s domestic role and men’s role as breadwinners reinforces stereotypes that permeate all spheres of life, and these lie at the root of a series of gendered problems faced by women and men.
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Published by: IDS
There has been significant progress in gender equality globally over recent decades, such as in school enrolment or in labour force participation rates, and in certain groups of men’s and boys’ attitudes to gender equality; particularly among younger, educated males in urban areas. Yet, historically embedded structural barriers and patriarchal relations seem to counter progress in other areas – such as unpaid care work, or women’s access to property and productive resources.