fbpx

Brief

Guidance note 1. Contextual factors and risks to cholera/AWD transmission in Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia

Published on 1 September 2018

Drought, famine and cholera/AWD (Acute Watery Diarrhoea) outbreaks have become recurrent in the Horn of Africa. Famine and cholera/AWD outbreaks in the Somali regions are often manmade. While there are environmental factors involved, such as decreased rainfall and decreased vegetation cover, the conflict is the main driver of the humanitarian emergency.
Violence prevents people from accessing adequate water sources, displaces them to settlements with poor water and sanitation and impedes them reaching health care centres. In addition, in a drought, water becomes scarce and pathogens accumulate in stagnant waters, and people and cattle are pushed to use these contaminated waters, sharply increasing the risk of a cholera/AWD epidemic. The purpose of this guidance note is to support UNICEF staff in understanding the contextual factors (the practices, behaviours, social norms and wider factors) that shape risks of cholera transmission, being able to separate the social and cultural factors from those that are more structural or systemic.

Cite this publication

Guidance note 1. Contextual factors and risks to cholera/AWD transmission in Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia, Social Science in Humanitarian Action. IDS: Brighton.

Citation copied

Authors

Social Science in Humanitarian Action Platform

Access this publication

Read full publication online in OpenDocs

Partners

In partnership with
Anthrologica
Supported by
UNICEF

Publication details

language
English

Share

About this publication

Research themes
Health
Region
Ethiopia Somalia

Related content