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Working Paper

Demanding Power: Contentious Politics and Electricity in Pakistan

IDS Working Paper 551

This paper explores Pakistan’s electricity supply crisis that lasted from 2007 to 2015, and the ensuing contention that shaped public discourse and political events in the country. During this period, which witnessed electricity outages of up to 14 hours per day, 456 incidents of contention...

Image of Umair Javed
Umair Javed & 2 others

3 June 2021


More on the Positive Fiscal and Health Effects of Increasing Tobacco Taxes in Nigeria

African Tax Administration Paper;25

Nigeria is faced with substantial economic and health burdens caused by tobacco smoking. The economic burden of smoking accounts for approximately 1.3 per cent of Nigeria's GDP. In terms of its health impact, 4.9 per cent of all deaths in 2019 were attributed to smoking related diseases. The...

Corné van Walbeek & 2 others

1 June 2021

Working Paper

Accountability Bargains in Pakistan

IDS Working Paper 550

Poor and marginalised citizens rarely engage directly with the state to solve their governance issues in fragile, conflict and violence-affected settings, as these settings are characterised by the confrontational nature of state–citizen relations.

27 May 2021