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Working Paper

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

World Development;128

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through a combination of measures, including improved tax legislation and more effective administrative...

1 April 2020


Gender and Energy: Opportunities for All

IDS Bulletin 51.1

The global drive to provide universal access to sustainable and modern energy by 2030 is creating numerous opportunities for energy users and suppliers. However, men and women do not benefit equally from these opportunities. Women’s contribution to energy planning, supply, and policymaking is...

20 February 2020

Working Paper

Inclusive Development: Beyond Need, Not Creed

CREID Working Paper 1

This CREID paper explores the extent to which development, in its frames of reference, policy and practice, is sensitive and responsive to religious inequalities. The enquiry is guided by the question 'to what extent does international development thinking, and policy-making engage with freedom...

14 February 2020

Journal Article

Identifying the Most Effective Essential Medicines Policies for Quality use of Medicines: A Replicability Study Using Three World Health Organisation Data-sets

Suboptimal (irrational, incorrect, inappropriate) use of medicines is widespread, wasteful, and causes poor patient outcomes including anti-microbial drug resistance [1–9]. Interventions to improve quality use of medicines (QUM) in low/middle-income countries have mostly been small-scale, of...

Kathleen Holloway & 6 others

6 February 2020

Journal Article

Principles for Knowledge Co-production in Sustainability Research

Nature Sustainability

Research practice, funding agencies and global science organisations suggest that research aimed at addressing sustainability challenges is most effective when ‘co-produced’ by academics and non-academics. Co-production promises to address the complex nature of contemporary sustainability...

Image of Melissa Leach
Melissa Leach & 3 others

20 January 2020