Journal Article


Livelihoods in Crisis? New Perspectives on Governance and Rural Development in Southern Africa

Published on 2 July 2003

Southern Africa is in the midst of a major food crisis. Fourteen million people are reported to be at risk. Most commentators agree that since around 1990, livelihoods have collapsed in many areas, with an increasing number of people, particularly in rural areas, vulnerable.

But this is 2003, following decades of post-independence development assistance and once-great hopes for the region as both the food basket and economic motor for the continent. What has gone wrong? Has ‘development’ failed? Do we need to radically rethink the paradigms for development in the region? By focusing on Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe, a complex story of livelihood change emerges.


Image of Ian Scoones

Ian Scoones

Professorial Fellow

Publication details

published by
Wolmer, W. and Scoones, I.
IDS Bulletin, volume 34, issue 3
0265 5012


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