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Working Paper

IDS working papers;72

Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis

Published on 1 January 1998

The concept of ‘sustainable livelihoods’ is increasingly important in the development debate. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators.

The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration).

Central to the framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach.

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Authors

Image of Ian Scoones
Ian Scoones

Professorial Fellow

Publication details

authors
Scoones, Ian
journal
IDS Working Paper, issue 72
isbn
1 85964 224 8
language
English

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