Journal Article


The Impact of Collective Action on Economic Development: Empirical Evidence from Kerala, India

Published on 1 January 2006

Public participation is generally assumed to be a necessary if not fundamental condition for development. Most studies do not, however, question the kind and level of collective action that would be desirable. This paper provides a novel empirical analysis of the impact of collective action on economic development using data for South India. The paper models collective action as endogenous to economic development and distinguishes between its static and dynamic properties. The results show that while excessive activism may harm state income, collective action in the context of responsible bargaining systems may contribute toward increased economic development.


Patricia Justino

Professorial Fellow

Publication details

Justino, P.
World Development, volume 34, issue 7


About this publication

Related content


Immersive Research for Safer Sanitation in Bihar and Maharashtra, India

SLH Learning Paper;14

2 May 2023