Kamal Kar photo

Kamal Kar - Honorary Associate

Honorary Associates
E: k.kar@associate.ids.ac.uk


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Dr. Kar, a specialist in livestock production, agriculture and natural resources, is widely regarded as the pioneer of CLTS. He has done pioneering work in the Indian subcontinent and has introduced CLTS in more than 60 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

In addition to his long association with the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK, he is also associated with a number of international development sector organisations, such as DRG of WHO, WASRAG of Rotary International, etc. He has a number of publications on health, sanitation, agriculture and natural resources to his credit. He has also published a Hand Book and Trainers' Guide on CLTS, which have been translated into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Hindi, Bengali, Bahasa Indonesia, and other languages.


Impact of Community-led Total Sanitation on Women’s Health in Urban Slums: A Case Study from Kalyani Municipality

IDS Evidence Report 194 (2016)

This Evidence Report seeks to understand the health and other impacts of slum women’s access to sanitation through the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach. More details

IDS Research Summary

Digging in, Spreading out and Growing up: Introducing CLTS in Africa

IDS Research Summary of IDS Practice Paper 8 (2011)

Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS), an approach that focuses on community-wide behaviour change to stop open defecation, has spread widely but with varying outcomes in Africa. More details

This is the image of Digging in, Spreading out and Growing up: Introducing CLTS in Africa.

Digging in, Spreading out and Growing up: Introducing CLTS in Africa

IDS Practice Paper 8 (2011)

Open defecation is the norm in rural and urban Africa – only about a third of the population uses improved sanitation facilities – and this contributes in various ways to a heavy disease burden. More details

Facilitating 'Hands-on' Training Workshops for CLTS: A Trainer's Training Guide

This long awaited publication responds to the demand for guidance on how to conduct training of CLTS facilitators. The fast spread of CLTS to now over 40 countries means that the demand for good facilitators and trainers of facilitators currently outstrips supply. More details

Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation

The CLTS approach originates from Kamal Kar's evaluation of WaterAid Bangladesh and their local partner organisation - VERC's (Village Education Resource Centre is a local NGO) traditional water and sanitation programme and his subsequent work in Bangladesh in late 1999 and into 2000. More details

Thematic Expertise:
Water and Sanitation.

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