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Coalition for Religious Equality and Inclusive Development (CREID)

start date

1 October 2018

The Coalition for Religious Equality and Inclusive Development (CREID) aims to redress the impact of discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief, tackle poverty and exclusion, and promote people’s wellbeing and empowerment using research evidence and delivering practical programmes.

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Discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief can mean that people:

  • lack access to basic services such as health or education
  • experience verbal, emotional or physical violence and abuse
  • be excluded from vital social and political processes.

CREID believes that freedom of religion or belief is essential for people living in poverty to achieve their potential, live in dignity, free from stigma and exclusion.

We provide research and deliver practical programmes tackling the impact of discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief.

Selected publications

Please visit the Library on the CREID website to view all our publications and resources.

UK aid funded programme

From 2018 to 2022, CREID was supported by UK aid from the FCDO and focused on five workstreams:

  1. Mainstreaming awareness of Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) in development to ensure that policies and programmes are sensitive and responsive to inequalities on the grounds of religion or belief
  2. Investing in interfaith service delivery in communities where there are poverty and religious tensions
  3. Monitoring hate speech and looking at how digital technology and media are affecting social harmony
  4. Building coalitions at national level and supporting local campaigns promoting FoRB
  5. Engendering cross fertilisation for religious inclusivity by bringing about collaboration between humanitarian organisations, faith leaders, rights activists and development practitioners.

This phase of the CREID programme was led by the Institute of Development Studies in partnership with Al-Khoei Foundation, Minority Rights Group and Refcemi (the Coptic Office for Advocacy and Public Policy).

IDS staff involved with supporting CREID during this phase include Pamela Hajal, Helen Littler-Handlos, Susanne Schirmer, Sofya Shahab and Emilie Wilson. Former staff include Kathryn Cheeseman and Andrea Mari.

Religious inequalities and the impact of Covid-19

Browse, read and watch our collection of perspectives on the impact of Covid-19 on religious minorities around the world.

CREID Podcast (2022)

The CREID podcast gave voice to those working in some of the toughest areas in development and explored how religion can impact on the life chances of some of the most vulnerable people in the world.

Religious Inequalities in Development event series

The Religious Inequalities in Development event series challenges us to understand why inequalities underpinned by individual belief and/or religious affiliation to a community have been a blind spot for international development for so long. What can be done to better understand and integrate an approach to Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) into global development? Watch videos of past seminars.

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Recent work


Women preventing inter-religious conflict in Pakistan

How do poor Hindu and Christian women belonging to lower-ranked caste groups prevent local disputes turning into inter-religious violent conflict that perpetually plague Pakistani Punjab, like the fires and violence in Jaranwala? After all, these are women who supposedly lack agency as they...

22 August 2023


Whose realities count as targets of religious otherisation?

Participatory methodology is key to make visible the invisible survivors and victims of violence based on religion or belief. This week on the 22 August, the UN commemorates the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief. While individuals experience violence for all kinds of...

21 August 2023

Working Paper

The Role of Small and Medium Industries in the Heritage Identity in Iraq: A Case Study of Bashiqa Town

CREID Working Paper 22

This paper aims to identify the most famous Yazidi heritage industries in the town of Bashiqa, in Nineveh governorate. It explores the economic, social and cultural reality of three non-material industries (the manufacture of al-rashi, olive oil and soap) in the town of Bashiqa by comparing how...

12 May 2023


Understanding Intersecting Threats and Vulnerabilities Facing Christian Women and Men in Ungwan Bawa and Saminaka, Kaduna State, Nigeria

CREID Intersections Series; Violence and Discrimination Against Women

This research aims to comprehend the interconnecting threats and vulnerabilities facing underprivileged women from marginalised religious groups in Nigeria from the angle of gender discrimination from their neighbouring communities as well as their host societies.

8 February 2023