New Pathways for the Poorest: the Graduation Model from BRAC

Published on 1 January 2011

The poorest, chronically food insecure households, with irregular incomes and little or no assets are often excluded from development interventions including microcredit. When they do receive assistance they are rarely able to improve their conditions enough to maintain long-term sustainable livelihoods.

Through years of work on poverty alleviation BRAC (the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) has developed an extremely successful ‘graduation model’. BRAC’s Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction – Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR-TUP) programme targets the poorest. It combines support for immediate consumption with an asset grant to kick start an economic activity and provides skills training, basic health care assistance and access to financial services.

The model gives recipients a 24-month period to develop sustainable livelihoods and ‘graduate’ out of extreme poverty. This paper presents the BRAC programme as a major innovation in our understanding of extreme poverty. The authors also show how the process of ‘graduation’ is fraught with challenges, and how many would always require state level support.

Publication details

published by
Hashemi, S.M. and Umaira, W.
CSP Research Report, issue 10


About this publication

Programmes and centres
Centre for Social Protection

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