Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina: Integrating Womens Special Situation and Gender Perspectives in Skills Training and Employment Promotion Programmes

Published on 1 January 1998

This report is an input to the ILO Action Programme on Skills and Entrepreneurship Training for Countries Emerging from Armed Conflict. The programme has undertaken several country-level research activities of which the author?s report is one example.

The report examines the gendered consequences of war. They include gender role changes emanating from exigencies of the conflict-affected context; weakened community structures, cohesion and trust and their impact on women?s coping strategies and vulnerability after war; increase in numbers and vulnerability of female-headed households; and greater differences between men and women in their opportunities in the post war labour market. The limited focus men receive in programmes set up to tackle war-related physiological traumas could add to the high level of male violence against women in postwar households. The report also shows how prewar differences amongst women influence the impact of war on them, as well as how other causes of vulnerability, such as ethnicity, disability and age, need to be tackled in post war technical assistance projects.

The study finds that ongoing postwar projects do not contribute substantially to empowering women, nor do they target women?s strategic needs. Whilst many women?s organisations exist in the country, the extent of their contribution is limited since they do not ?engage in the public arena?. The report makes a number of proposals regarding policy and programme to guide future action.

Publication details

Walsh, M
1 85864 240 X


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