Inclusive Economies

Our work explores what characterises inclusive economies and how these can be achieved, particularly in a world where new technologies, rural to urban migration, and growing youth populations are disrupting and putting new pressures on people’s lives and livelihoods.

Our research looks at the impacts of business and markets on development and inequality and explores the potential for novel market-based solutions to work for the poorest and most marginalised based on gender, ethnicity and disability.  It explores alternatives that enable workers, consumers and communities to have a real voice.

It continues to revitalise debates on agriculture as a key pathway out of poverty and towards inclusion, particularly for young people. Our work is focused on identifying what opportunities exist in a period of agricultural commercialisation and rural transformation and how far different groups are able to access them.  It also understands how new technologies such as drones or blockchains pose risks, but can also be harnessed to improve the lives of the poorest and most marginalised people.  In a rapidly urbanising world where cities have become focal points for economic growth, jobs and innovation but also for poverty, inequality, vulnerability and conflict, our work explores what this means for both urban and rural people, and the opportunities and challenges they face in living safe and fulfilling lives.


Image of Ana Pueyo
Ana Pueyo

Research Fellow

Image of Carlos Fortin
Carlos Fortin

Research Associate

Image of Giel Ton
Giel Ton

Research Fellow

Image of James Sumberg
James Sumberg

Research Fellow

Image of Jing Gu
Jing Gu

Research Fellow, Centre Director

Image of Jodie Thorpe
Jodie Thorpe

Research Fellow, Cluster Leader

Image of John Thompson
John Thompson

Research Fellow

Image of Keetie Roelen
Keetie Roelen

Research Fellow / Co-Director, Centre for Social Protection

Programmes and centres


Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme

Understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty and producing practical options for activists and policymakers for strengthening legal protection of LGBTIQ people and sexuality rights.


Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development

The Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development is at the forefront of research and practical analysis that helps connect governments, donors, civil society, and academia to explore new way to address global development challenges.



Wellbeing, Housing and Infrastructure in Turkey (WHIT)

This research and action project will contribute to finding ‘durable solutions’ for housing infrastructural deficits in Turkey, in the context of large scale displacement of Syrian refugees and rapid urbanisation.

Recent work

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Journal Article

Restructuring Industrialisation


There is now widespread recognition by economists and industrial planners that, after some decades of historically unprecedented economic growth, the world economy is in a period of transition.

1 October 1989

Journal Article

Keynes, Seers and Economic Development

SUMMARY This contribution points out some similarities in the lives and careers of the two natural?born leaders in their respective worlds. Their shared perception of nationalism is explored in some detail, as is their shared desire to find a middle way between capitalism and socialism. The...

Singer, H. W.

1 July 1989


New Seeds and Poor People


We have, as economists, felt compelled to invade several areas of natural science that were quite unfamiliar to us. In some parts of this book, we are reporting our learning processes.

1 January 1989


Cane Sugar: The Small-Scale Processing Option

This study, the proceedings of a joint ITDG/IDS conference held in 1987, assesses the choice of technology for small-scale sugar production, and its economic and social viability.

1 January 1989


Economic Development and World Debt

This book contains a rare selection of divergent theoretical and practical views on the acute problem of international debt and its repercussions on world economic growth at large and the developing countries in particular.

1 January 1989

Journal Article

Redistribution with Sloth—Britain’s problem?

IDS Bulletin 48.1A

SUMMARY Many if not most analyses of Britain's economic difficulties suggest that slow growth is at the heart of the problem—and an acceleration of growth the obvious cure. Past experience in Britain and in the Third World casts doubts on this. The eradication of unemployment poverty and...

1 December 1977