Masculinities and Transition

Over 2018, Jerker Edström at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is leading a team of experts, contracted by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), to undertake a focused assignment on ‘Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege?’, with a focus on Egypt, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Ukraine. 

The project will explore the experiences of men and shifting constructions of masculinities in current ‘transition countries’ in order to identify ways to complement women-focused interventions in the Bank’s projects and broader investments to enhance both the resilience of transition, and equality of opportunity across genders.

The team will collect evidence on, and analyse variegated impacts of transition experiences on men, women and norms of masculinity operating in broader society and business environments. The aim of the task is to identify key ‘opportunities to engage men and boys as agents of positive change, alongside women and girls, to strengthen the resilience and inclusiveness of Transition’. Thus, by generating evidence for a more holistic – yet nuanced – appreciation of dynamic interrelations between Masculinities and Transition, the Team aims to identify innovative and promising ways to support the building of equal opportunities between women and men, with a focus on market economies in transition.

Resulting knowledge products will be designed to better enable EBRD and related stakeholders to plan projects, investments and initiatives for policy dialogue, predicated on a better understanding of how men can themselves be; one the one hand, vulnerable and struggling during transition and, on the other, can often hold some power to influence change away from outdated and rigid – often male supremacist – ideals of masculinity.

Project details

start date
1 February 2018
end date
30 April 2019


About this project


Recent work


Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege?

There has been significant progress in gender equality globally over recent decades, such as in school enrolment or in labour force participation rates, and in certain groups of men’s and boys’ attitudes to gender equality; particularly among younger, educated males in urban areas. Yet,...

10 September 2019


Masculinities and Transition in Egypt: Country Brief

Gender and development research in Egypt tends to frame questions about men solely in terms of barriers to women’s economic advancement. Only recently have questions been raised about men’s own gendered experiences and attitudes, and how they experience the changes in gender relations...

Ramy Aly & 2 others

10 September 2019


Masculinities and Transition in Turkey: Country Brief

Despite a progressive legal framework and social and human resources policies aimed at benefiting women in Turkey, their labour force participation has remained low. Female entrepreneurship has become seen as a solution to increasing women’s role in the economy, whilst the role of men has...

10 September 2019


Masculinities and Transition in Ukraine: Country Brief

As Ukraine has attempted to distance itself from the Soviet past and to establish a strong and independent self-identity, ideals of masculinity and femininity have emerged that have both nationalist and traditionalist overtones. The respective emphasis on women’s domestic role and men’s role...

Charlie Walker & 2 others

10 September 2019


Masculinities and Transition: Summary Brief

Profound social and economic transitions over the past 30 years have shaped women’s lives and opportunities in Egypt, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Ukraine in varying ways. Much less is known about men’s experiences of economic transition and reactions to the diverse changes in women’s circumstances.

10 September 2019